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With recent advances in mass spectrometry techniques, it is now possible to investigate proteins over a wide range of molecular weights in small biological specimens. This advance has generated data-analytic challenges in proteomics, similar to those created by microarray technologies in genetics, namely, discovery of 'signature' protein profiles specific(More)
Discovery of "signature" protein profiles that distinguish disease states (eg, malignant, benign, and normal) is a key step towards translating recent advancements in proteomic technologies into clinical utilities. Protein data generated from mass spectrometers are, however, large in size and have complex features due to complexities in both biological(More)
BACKGROUND Acute lower respiratory illnesses (ALRI) have been associated with exposure to domestic smoke. To examine further this association, a case-control study was conducted among Navajo children seen at the Public Health Service Indian Hospital at Fort Defiance, AZ. METHODS Cases, children hospitalized with an ALRI (n = 45), were ascertained from the(More)
BACKGROUND Protein expression profiling for differences indicative of early cancer has promise for improving diagnostics. This report describes the first stage of a National Cancer Institute/Early Detection Research Network-sponsored multiinstitutional evaluation and validation of this approach for detection of prostate cancer. METHODS Two sequential(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer survival is related to features of the primary malignancy and concurrent presence of nonmalignant diseases (comorbidities), including weight-related conditions (obesity, weight loss). The Charlson and Elixhauser methods are 2 well-known methods that take comorbidities into account when explaining survival. They differ in both the number(More)
There have been an increasing number of large research consortia in recent years funded by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to facilitate multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional cancer research. Some of these consortia have central data collection plans similar to a multi-center clinical trial whereas others plan to store data locally and pool or share(More)
Parallel to its established causal association with both infectious mononucleosis (IM) and young adulthood Hodgkin disease (YAHD), we propose a hypothesis that "delayed" primary EBV infection (i.e., primary infection occurring during adolescence or adulthood) is associated with elevated breast cancer risk. We evaluated this hypothesis with two(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with stage III colon adenocarcinoma do not receive adjuvant chemotherapy despite the proven survival advantage it offers. To enhance the provision of optimal cancer care, patient characteristics associated with not receiving guideline-adherent treatment must be identified among patients with operable, stage III colon adenocarcinoma.(More)
PURPOSE Guideline-recommended treatment for stage II/III colorectal cancer includes postsurgical chemotherapy and/or radiation as standard of care. This study measures adherence to guidelines across 3 Canadian provinces and evaluates the relationship of patient characteristics with receiving standard care. PATIENTS AND METHODS All surgically treated(More)