Marcus Tolnay

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OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE The posterior pituitary lobe is rarely the site of symptomatic primary tumors. The most common lesions arising from the neurohypophysis and the pituitary stalk seem to be granular cell tumors (GCTs), of which only 42 symptomatic cases have been reported. Here we present an unusually well-documented case of a GCT, which has(More)
Desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas (DIG) are rare cerebral glioneural tumors usually occurring in early childhood. DIGs are generally benign although rare cases with poor outcome are known. Total resection, if possible, is the treatment of choice, without further adjuvant therapy. After incomplete resection, adjuvant chemo-and/or radiotherapy is(More)
Cavernous haemangiomas are most commonly found in the subcortical white matter, the pons and the external capsule. We present a case of a cavernous haemangioma that appeared as an intraventricular mass at the foramen of Monro. Despite the unusual location the diagnosis was established by MRI because of the typical appearance. The differential diagnosis(More)
PRINCIPLES Intramedullary spinal cord tumours are rare. The long-term results depend on their varying natural histories and the surgical approach. Less extensive tumour resection avoids greater postoperative neurological impairment without a negative impact on postoperative outcome. METHODS Twenty-seven patients who underwent a total of 34 surgical(More)
Both Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) are caused by mutations of the X-linked dystrophin gene. BMD patients are less affected clinically than DMD patients. We present five patients with a diagnosis of BMD. First, two identical twins, with a deletion of exon 48 of the dystrophin gene, who experienced prominent muscle(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the diagnostic yield of nerve biopsy in patients with peripheral neuropathy of undetermined cause despite extensive diagnostic workup. METHODS From November 2001 through January 2004, 38 patients underwent nerve biopsy because of unclassified neuropathy. RESULTS The etiology of the neuropathies could be defined in 14 patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Focal myositis of the iliopsoas muscle is a rare condition. A case is presented, emphasizing the value of ultrasound for detection, localisation, image-guided biopsy and follow-up in correlation with CT and MRI findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS A 58-year-old woman was referred to our clinic with strong left sided inguinal pain, which radiated to(More)
Neurocutaneous flaps have been demonstrated to be a reliable option in different groups of patients but it remains unclear if distally-based sural flaps can be safely used in paraplegic patients because they suffer from significant nervous system alterations. The aim of this proof-of-concept study is to demonstrate that these flaps are reliable in(More)
We report on a 32-year old HIV-infected male patient who was admitted to the hospital in a comatose state. A cryptococcus neoformans septicemia with meningoencephalitis was diagnosed. Intravenous treatment with amphotericin B was initiated and replaced three weeks later by fluconazole per os. With this therapy the patient recovered quite well. However,(More)
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