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In a non-redundant set of 571 proteins from the Brookhaven Protein Data Base, a total of 43 non-proline cis peptide bonds were identified. Average geometrical parameters of the well-defined cis peptide bonds in proteins determined at high resolution show that some parameters, most notably the bond angle at the amide bond nitrogen, deviate significantly from(More)
The structure of recombinant human cellular factor XIII zymogen was solved in its monoclinic crystal form and refined to an R-factor of 18.3% (Rfree = 23.6%) for all data between 40.0 and 2.1 A resolution. Two non-proline cis peptide bonds were detected. One is between Arg310 and Tyr311 close to the active site cysteine residue (Cys314) and the other is(More)
A non-redundant set of 1154 protein structures from the Protein Data Bank was examined with respect to close interactions between C-H-donor and pi-acceptor groups. A total of 31,087 interactions were found to satisfy our selection criteria. Their geometric parameters suggest that these interactions can be classified as weak hydrogen bonds.A set of 12(More)
Why does a given protein structure form and why is this structure stable? These fundamental biochemical questions remain fascinating and challenging problems because the physical bases of the forces that govern protein structure, stability and folding are still not well understood. Now, a general concept of hydrogen bonding in proteins is emerging. This(More)
The three-dimensional structure of the 29-residue designed coiled coil having the amino acid sequence acetyl-E VEALEKK VAALESK VQALEKK VEALEHG-amide has been determined and refined to a crystallographic R-factor of 21.4% for all data from 10-A to 2.1-A resolution. This molecule is called coil-VaLd because it contains valine in the a heptad positions and(More)
The human pathogen Legionella pneumophila, the etiological agent of the severe and often fatal Legionnaires' disease, produces a major virulence factor, termed 'macrophage infectivity potentiator protein' (Mip), that is necessary for optimal multiplication of the bacteria within human alveolar macrophages. Mip exhibits a peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerase(More)
The crystal structure of the pheromone Er-1 from the unicellular eukaryotic organism Euplotes raikovi was determined at 1.6 A resolution and refined to a crystallographic R factor of 19.9%. In the tightly packed crystal, two extensive intermolecular helix-helix interactions arrange the Er-1 molecules into layers. Since the putative receptor of the pheromone(More)
The structure of the isolated catalytic domain of diphtheria toxin at pH 5.0 was determined by X-ray crystallography at 2.5 A resolution and refined to an R-factor of 19.7%. The domain is bound to its endogenous inhibitor adenylyl(3'-->5')uridine 3'-monophosphate (ApUp). The structure of this 190-residue domain, which was expressed in and isolated from(More)
Four different phasing methods have been applied to the determination of the crystal structure of the 40 amino-acid mating pheromone of the unicellular ciliated protozoan Euplotes raikovi. The difficulties, failures and successes in attempts to solve the structure by: (1) molecular replacement, (2) direct phasing using the 'Shake and Bake' algorithm, (3)(More)