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BACKGROUND Today, practically all computed tomography (CT) systems are delivered with automatic exposure control (AEC) systems operating with tube current modulation in three dimensions. Each of these systems has different specifications and operates somewhat differently. PURPOSE To evaluate AEC systems from four different CT scanner manufacturers:(More)
The two major phospholipid classes, namely, phosphatidylethanolamines (PE) and phosphatidylcholines (PC), were studied in four different regions of human brain, i.e., in frontal gray matter, frontal white matter, hippocampus and in pons. The fatty acid (FA) compositions of these phospholipids were found to be specific for the different regions. PC contains(More)
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a common indoor and outdoor air pollutant that may induce deterioration of respiratory health. In this study the effects of repeated daily exposure to NO2 on airway antioxidant status, inflammatory cell and mediator responses, and lung function were examined. Healthy nonsmoking subjects were exposed under controlled conditions to(More)
The neutral and phospholipid compositions of various regions of the human brain were analyzed using autopsy material covering the life period between 33 and 92 years of age. The protein content was also measured and, on a weight basis, this content is unchanged in the cerebellum, pons, and medulla oblongata, whereas in the 90-year-old group it decreases in(More)
The lipid compositions of 10 different brain regions from patients affected by Alzheimer's disease/senile dementia of Alzheimer's type were analyzed. The total phospholipid amount decreased somewhat in nucleus caudatus and in white matter. The cortical areas that are morphologically affected by Alzheimer's disease, i.e., frontal and temporal cortex and the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the image quality produced by six different iterative reconstruction (IR) algorithms in four CT systems in the setting of brain CT, using different radiation dose levels and iterative image optimisation levels. METHODS An image quality phantom, supplied with a bone mimicking annulus, was examined using four CT systems from different(More)
Particulate matter (PM) pollution adversely affects the airways, with asthmatic subjects thought to be especially sensitive. The authors hypothesised that exposure to diesel exhaust (DE), a major source of PM, would induce airway neutrophilia in healthy subjects, and that either these responses would be exaggerated in subjects with mild allergic asthma, or(More)
The frontal, temporal and occipital cortex from human brains affected by Alzheimer's disease were analyzed for their contents and fatty acid compositions of cardiolipin. Phospholipids were purified using an HPLC system and cardiolipin was found to be present in the same amount (on a protein basis) as in age-matched controls. One-third of the total fatty(More)
The neutral and phospholipid composition of mouse brain infected with scrapie prions was investigated. During the later stages of this disease, the level of dolichol decreased by 30% whereas the level of dolichyl phosphate increased by 30%. In terminally ill mice, there was also a 2.5-fold increase in both total ubiquinone and its reduced form. Furthermore,(More)
To examine the influence of inhaled steroids on the bronchial mucosa, biopsies from six patients with severe bronchial asthma were studied before and after ten years of daily treatment with inhaled steroids. Biopsies from six healthy subjects were also examined. In the biopsies taken from the asthmatic patients before treatment there was a significant(More)