Marcus O W Grimm

Learn More
Amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) has a key role in the pathological process of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the physiological function of Abeta and of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is unknown. Recently, it was shown that APP processing is sensitive to cholesterol and other lipids. Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) and sphingomyelinases (SMases)(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder currently affecting over 35 million people worldwide. Pathological hallmarks of AD are massive amyloidosis, extracellular senile plaques, and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles accompanied by an excessive loss of synapses. Major constituents of senile plaques are 40-42 amino acid long(More)
OBJECTIVES The E vitamins are a class of lipophilic compounds including tocopherols, which have high antioxidative properties. Because of the elevated lipid peroxidation and increased reactive oxidative species in Alzheimer's disease (AD) many attempts have been made to slow down the progression of AD by utilizing the antioxidative action of vitamin E.(More)
The beta-amyloid peptide (A beta) is widely considered to be the molecule that causes Alzheimer's disease (AD). Besides this pathological function of A beta, recently published data reveal that A beta also has an essential physiological role in lipid homeostasis. Cholesterol increases A beta production, and conversely A beta production causes a decrease in(More)
One of the characteristic hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an accumulation of amyloid β (Aβ) leading to plaque formation and toxic oligomeric Aβ complexes. Besides the de novo synthesis of Aβ caused by amyloidogenic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), Aβ levels are also highly dependent on Aβ degradation. Several enzymes are described(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder characterized by extracellular senile plaques mainly consisting of Aβ, a 40-42 amino acid long peptide, and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles, accompanied by an excessive loss of synapses. Recently evidence accumulated that nutrition, especially polyunsaturated fatty acids, influences(More)
Alzheimer's disease is the most common neurodegenerative disorder. This short review summarizes the current knowledge about the role of lipids, especially cholesterol, sphingolipids, plasmalogens, and polyunsaturated fatty acids in Alzheimer's disease etiology, pathogenesis, risk-factors, prevention, treatment, and the function of the amyloid precursor(More)
In Alzheimer's disease (AD), disturbed homeostasis of the proteases competing for amyloid precursor protein processing has been reported: a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10), the physiological α-secretase, is decreased in favor of the amyloid-β-generating enzyme BACE-1. To identify transcription factors that modulate the expression of either(More)