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We present a review of the documented fungal colonizations of presumably symbiotic nature in lycophytes and ferns (“pteridophytes”). The sampling covers ca. 11 % (1287 spp.) of the estimated global diversity of these taxa (ca. 12,000 spp.) and shows an average presence of fungal endophytes of 68 %, which is significantly lower than the average presence of(More)
A synopsis of all Neotropical species of Cyathea with bipinnate fronds is presented. This artificial group includes 27 species with entire or very shallowly lobed pinnules. The provided key includes together, for the first time, species that had been previously treated in three different genera: Sphaeropteris, Trichipteris, and Cyathea. Full synonymy and(More)
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