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Normal bladder function is controlled by the central nervous system (CNS) and any peripheral contribution to bladder control is believed to be small. Nevertheless, anatomically and functionally, such a contribution might exist. Taking account of this evidence, we propose that the detrusor muscle is arranged into modules, which are circumscribed areas of(More)
INTRODUCTION To investigate whether interstitial cells (ICs) are present in the adult mouse bladder, and what transmitters characterize adjacent nerve fibres, as ICs in human and guinea-pig bladder lie close to nerve fibres but transmitters present in these nerves have not yet been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sections of the bladder wall from 12 adult(More)
This review deals with individual components regulating the neural control of the urinary bladder. This article will focus on factors and processes involved in the two modes of operation of the bladder: storage and elimination. Topics included in this review include: (1) The urothelium and its roles in sensor and transducer functions including interactions(More)
Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is a symptom-based diagnosis characterised by the presence of urinary urgency. It is highly prevalent and overlaps with the presence of bladder contractions during urine storage, which characterises the urodynamic diagnosis of detrusor overactivity. Animal models are needed to understand the pathophysiology of OAB, but the(More)
CONTEXT The first European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on incontinence were published in 2001. These guidelines were periodically updated in past years. OBJECTIVE The aim of this paper is to present a summary of the 2009 update of the EAU guidelines on urinary incontinence (UI). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION The EAU working panel was part of the 4th(More)
Spontaneous localised propagating waves of contraction and localised stretches have been reported to occur in the isolated whole bladder of the guinea pig. The physiological role and the cellular processes underlying these events are unknown. In order to gain insight into the mechanisms generating this complex activity, experiments were performed to examine(More)
Dysfunctions of the lower urinary tract, such as overactive bladder syndrome and incontinence, are the product of storage failure. Spontaneous regional bladder wall movements [nonmicturition contractions (NMCs)] are proposed to generate afferent activity that signals volume status to the central nervous system. The sympathetic nervous system, via activation(More)
Characterizing the integrative physiology of the bladder requires whole organ preparations. The purpose of this study was to validate an isolated large animal (pig) bladder preparation, through arterial and intravesical drug administration, intravesical pressure recording, and filming of surface micromotions. Female pig bladders were obtained from the local(More)
CONTEXT Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) represent one of the most common clinical complaints in adult men and have multifactorial aetiology. OBJECTIVE To develop European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on the assessment of men with non-neurogenic LUTS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION A structured literature search on the assessment of non-neurogenic(More)