Marcus H. Andrews

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Prenatal stress (PS) and maternal exposure to exogenous glucocorticoids can lead to permanent modification of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function and stress-related behaviour. Both of these manipulations lead to increased fetal exposure to glucocorticoids. Glucocorticoids are essential for many aspects of normal brain development, but exposure of(More)
The fetus may be exposed to increased endogenous glucocorticoid or synthetic glucocorticoid in late gestation. Approximately 7% of pregnant women in Europe and North America are treated with synthetic glucocorticoid to promote lung maturation in fetuses at risk of preterm delivery. Very little is known about the mechanisms by which synthetic glucocorticoid(More)
The ability of the early environment to programme the developing hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been reported in several animal species. There is considerable evidence that a similar process can occur in the human, and that long-term alterations in HPA function are associated with altered susceptibility to disease in later life. The phenotype(More)
Thyroid hormone deprivation during fetal life has been implicated in neurodevelopmental morbidity. In humans, poor growth in utero is also associated with fetal hypothyroxinaemia. In guinea pigs, a short period (48 h) of maternal nutrient deprivation at gestational day (gd) 50 results in fetuses with hypothyroxinaemia and increased brain/body weight ratios.(More)
Approximately 10% of women in North America are treated with synthetic glucocorticoid (sGC) between 24 and 32 weeks of pregnancy (term approximately 40 weeks), to promote lung maturation in fetuses at risk of preterm delivery. Such therapy is highly effective in reducing the frequency of respiratory complications, and as a result, repeated course treatment(More)
The fetus may be exposed to increased endogenous glucocorticoid or synthetic glucocorticoid in late gestation. Indeed, 7-10% of pregnant women in Europe and North America are treated with synthetic glucocorticoid to promote lung maturation in fetuses at risk of preterm delivery. Such therapy is effective in reducing respiratory complications. However, very(More)
The mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule (MAdCAM) and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM) appear to play roles in the recruitment of leukocytes to specialized endothelium lining the gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of this study was to clarify the role of MAdCAM and VCAM in the central nervous system by comparing protein expression in patients(More)
The multidrug resistance phosphoglycoprotein ATP-binding cassette subfamily B (ABCB1) actively extrudes a range of structurally and functionally diverse xenobiotics as well as glucocorticoids. ABCB1 is present in many cancer cell types as well as in normal tissues. Although it has been localized within the mouse placenta, virtually nothing is known about(More)
The developmental changes in 5-HT1A receptor mRNA expression associated with advancing gestational age were examined in the fetal guinea pig hippocampus and dentate gyrus (DG) by in situ hybridization. We found that 5-HT1A receptor mRNA was present in the hippocampal CA1 subfield and dentate gyrus (DG), and was significantly (P < 0.05) elevated in the DG(More)
We previously demonstrated that while diabetic animals receiving long-term insulin treatment exhibited some impairment in their corticosterone response to hypoglycemia, the stress response to hypoglycemia was completely absent when these animals were subjected to recurrent hypoglycemia. In the current study, we examined potential mechanisms that may(More)