Marcus E St John

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Although clinical trials of autologous whole bone marrow for cardiac repair demonstrate promising results, many practical and mechanistic issues regarding this therapy remain highly controversial. Here, we report the results of a randomized study of bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, administered to pigs, which offer several new insights regarding(More)
Inhibition of xanthine oxidase (XO) in failing hearts improves cardiac efficiency by an unknown mechanism. We hypothesized that this energetic effect is due to reduced oxidative stress and critically depends on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, reflecting a balance between generation of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species. In dogs with(More)
We hypothesized that chronic xanthine oxidase inhibition (XOI) would have favorable effects on both ventricular and vascular performance in evolving heart failure (HF), thereby preserving ventricular-vascular coupling. In HF, XOI reduces oxidative stress and improves both vascular and myocardial function. Dogs were randomized to receive either allopurinol(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) poses the greatest threat to the long-term survival of cardiac transplant recipients, and these individuals often exhibit elevated levels of uric acid (UA), a stimulator of T cells. We hypothesized that hyperuricemia is associated with CAV in cardiac transplant recipients. METHODS UA levels were measured in(More)
Xanthine oxidase (XO) activity contributes to both abnormal excitation-contraction (EC) coupling and cardiac remodeling in heart failure (HF). beta-Adrenergic hyporesponsiveness and abnormalities in Ca(2+) cycling proteins are mechanistically linked features of the HF phenotype. Accordingly, we hypothesized that XO influences beta-adrenergic responsiveness(More)
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