Marcus Durrant

Learn More
Root hairs are cellular protuberances extending from the root surface into the soil; there they provide access to immobile inorganic ions such as phosphate, which are essential for growth. Their cylindrical shape results from a polarized mechanism of cell expansion called tip growth in which elongation is restricted to a small area at the surface of the(More)
SapB is a morphogenetic peptide that is important for aerial mycelium formation by the filamentous bacterium Streptomyces coelicolor. Production of SapB commences during aerial mycelium formation and depends on most of the genes known to be required for the morphogenesis of aerial hyphae. Furthermore, the application of purified SapB to mutants blocked in(More)
The tomato (Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium) resistance protein Cf-9 belongs to a large class of plant proteins with extracytoplasmic Leu-rich repeats (eLRRs). eLRR proteins play key roles in plant defense and development, mainly as receptor-like proteins or receptor-like kinases, conferring recognition of various pathogen molecules and plant hormones. We(More)
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Pto kinase specifically recognizes the Pseudomonas effector proteins AvrPto and AvrPtoB, leading to induction of defense responses and hypersensitive cell death. Structural modeling of Pto combined with site-directed mutagenesis identified a patch of surface-exposed residues required for native regulation of signaling.(More)
A naturally occurring gallated polyphenol isolated from green tea leaves, ( )-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), has been shown to be an inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) activity in vitro at concentrations found in the serum and tissues of green tea drinkers (0.1-1.0 Mmol/L). These data provide the first evidence that the prophylactic effect of(More)
The developmentally complex soil microbe Streptomyces tendae secretes a hydrophobic peptide that restored to developmental mutants of S. coelicolor the ability to raise aerial hyphae. The S. tendae peptide, SapT, has a lantibiotic structure and molecular modelling predicts that it is amphiphilic, making it structurally and functionally similar to the SapB(More)
Ry confers extreme resistance (ER) to all strains of potato virus Y (PVY). In previous work, we have shown that the protease domain of the nuclear inclusion a protease (NIaPro) from PVY is the elicitor of the Ry-mediated resistance and that integrity of the protease active site is required for the elicitation of the resistance response. Two possibilities(More)
Microcin B17 (MccB17) is a peptide-based bacterial toxin that targets DNA gyrase, the bacterial enzyme that introduces supercoils into DNA. The site and mode of action of MccB17 on gyrase are unclear. We review what is currently known about MccB17-gyrase interactions and summarise approaches to understanding its mode of action that involve modification of(More)
Sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase (SBPase) is a Calvin Cycle enzyme exclusive to chloroplasts and is involved in photosynthetic carbon fixation. The two cysteine residues involved in its redox regulation have been identified by site-directed mutagenesis. They are four residues apart in a predicted loop between two alpha helices and probably form a disulphide(More)
The key protein in the initiation of Helicobacter pylori chromosome replication, DnaA, has been characterized. The amount of the DnaA protein was estimated to be approximately 3000 molecules per single cell; a large part of the protein was found in the inner membrane. The H.pylori DnaA protein has been analysed using in vitro (gel retardation assay and(More)