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Low lethality treatment of the NIH 3T3 mouse cell line with methotrexate (MTX) during exponential multiplication results in heterogeneous, heritable reduction in growth rate of most if not all the replicatively surviving cells. The effective concentrations of MTX are 10 to 100 times higher in molecular, cellular and developmental biology medium 402 (MCDB(More)
Recent clonal studies of spontaneous neoplastic transformation in cell culture indicate that it develops at confluence in a small minority of individual clonal populations before it does in the uncloned parental culture. Either preferential selection of spontaneous variants or genetic destabilization in clones can be inferred to explain the result. In the(More)
A comparison was made of the competence for neoplastic transformation in three different sublines of NIH 3T3 cells and multiple clonal derivatives of each. Over 90% of the neoplastic foci produced by an uncloned transformed (t-SA') subline on a confluent background of nontransformed cells were of the dense, multilayered type, but about half of the t-SA'(More)
In a recent study, we found that newly isolated clones of NIH 3T3 mouse cells undergo neoplastic transformation more readily than uncloned cultures from which they were derived. After eleven low-density passages (LDPs), most of the 29 clones produced lightly stained early-stage transformed foci when grown to confluence in a primary assay for transformation,(More)
The feasibility of creating a s.c. depot for sustained protein delivery with the goal of enhancing antigen immunogenicity was investigated. The depot was designed as antigen-laden liposomes of hydrogenated egg phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol (1:1 molar ratio) encapsulated in alginate-poly(L-lysine) microcapsules and evaluated using iodinated bovine(More)
Prolonged incubation of NIH 3T3 cells under the growth constraint of confluence results in a persistent impairment of proliferation when the cells are subcultured at low density and a greatly increased probability of neoplastic transformation in assays for transformation. These properties, along with the large accumulation of age pigment bodies in the(More)
Lipid vesicles, e.g. liposomes, generally release their contents in a continuous manner. However, when these vesicles are entrapped in Ca-alginate and coated with poly(L-lysine), they release their contents in an unusual fashion, in 'bursts'. Molecular-level studies indicated that lipid-alginate interactions are responsible for changes in the barrier(More)
Prolonged incubation of NIH 3T3 cells under the growth constraint of confluence results in the death of some cells in a manner suggestive of apoptosis. Successive rounds of prolonged incubation at confluence of the surviving cells produce increasing neoplastic transformation in the form of increments in saturation density and transformed focus formation.(More)
Previous experiments had shown that repeated rounds of prolonged growth constraint at confluence of NIH 3T3 sublines result in persistent changes in the growth behavior that are characteristic of cellular aging. These changes, which include an enduring decrease in the rate of proliferation in low density subcultures and a marked increase in neoplastic(More)
The role of heritable, population-wide cell damage in neoplastic development was studied in the 28 L subline of NIH 3T3 cells. These cells differ from the 17(3c) subline used previously for such studies in their lower frequency of "spontaneous" transformation at high population density and their greater capacity to produce large, dense transformed foci.(More)