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BACKGROUND Commercially available software for cardiovascular image analysis often has limited functionality and frequently lacks the careful validation that is required for clinical studies. We have already implemented a cardiovascular image analysis software package and released it as freeware for the research community. However, it was distributed as a(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to confirm the cardioprotective effects of hypothermia using a combination of cold saline and endovascular cooling. BACKGROUND Hypothermia has been reported to reduce infarct size (IS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions. METHODS In a multicenter study, 120 patients with ST-segment elevation(More)
AIM The MITOCARE study evaluated the efficacy and safety of TRO40303 for the reduction of reperfusion injury in patients undergoing revascularization for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS Patients presenting with STEMI within 6 h of the onset of pain randomly received TRO40303 (n = 83) or placebo (n = 80) via i.v. bolus injection prior(More)
OBJECTIVES Our goal was to validate myocardium at risk on T2-weighted short tau inversion recovery (T2-STIR) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) over time, compared with that seen with perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, and to assess the amount of salvaged myocardium after 1(More)
BACKGROUND In the situation of acute coronary occlusion, the myocardium supplied by the occluded vessel is subject to ischemia and is referred to as the myocardium at risk (MaR). Single photon emission computed tomography has previously been used for quantitative assessment of the MaR. It is, however, associated with considerable logistic challenges for(More)
This study aimed to assess the potential of 64-slice MDCT in characterizing revascularized infarcted myocardium at the cellular and microvascular levels. Pigs (n = 7) underwent 2 h left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion/reperfusion. In acute (2-4 h) and subacute (1 week) infarction, first-pass perfusion (FPP) (1 ml/kg of 300 mg/ml Omnipaque) was(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) enables non-invasive quantification of cardiac output (CO) and thereby cardiac index (CI, CO indexed to body surface area). The aim of this study was to establish if CI decreases with age and compare the values to CI for athletes and for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS CI was(More)
Energy expenditure was monitored in 20 critically-ill mechanically ventilated patients using the Siemens-Elema Oxygen Consumption Calculator (OCC 980). Energy expenditure was measured continuously over the 24-h period in all patients (altogether, over 2500 patient hours; range 48-288 h). A predicted energy expenditure was calculated for each patient from(More)
BACKGROUND Electrocardiogram-gated myocardial single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin allows simultaneous evaluation of myocardial perfusion and function. In this study, left ventricular volumes, ejection fraction (LVEF), and left ventricular wall volume (LVWV) derived from gated SPECT were compared with measurements from(More)
BACKGROUND For a 1-day myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) the recommendations for administered activity stated in the EANM guidelines results in an effective dose of up to 16 mSv per patient. Recently, a gamma camera system, based on cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) technology, was introduced. This technique has the potential to reduce the effective dose and scan(More)