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Laser techniques were applied to an acoustically levitated droplet for remote investigation of the diameter, species concentration and temperature of the suspended droplet. To this end, the third and the fourth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser were used for investigation of elastic, fluorescence and phosphorescence signals from the droplet. The droplet was seeded(More)
A novel technique for measuring droplet temperatures has been demonstrated. Laser-induced phosphorescence from thermographic phosphors, seeded to distilled water and iso-octane, was used to measure temperatures of single falling droplets. The phosphors were excited by the fourth and third harmonics of a Nd:YAG laser. The subsequent emission was evaluated by(More)
The diagnostic techniques for simultaneous velocity and relative OH distribution, simultaneous temperature and relative OH distribution, and three component velocity mapping are described. The data extracted from the measurements include statistical moments for inflow fluid dynamics, temperature, conditional velocities, and scalar flux. The work is a first(More)
Oligonucleotide primers complementary to conserved regions of the 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA genes were used to amplify the 16S-23S intergenic spacer region of bacterial pathogens. The amplification patterns produced were compared for their potential use in molecular epidemiologic analysis. This method, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) ribotyping, was applied(More)
A simple model is presented as an aid in understanding, first, the relative noise performance and, second, the noise reduction achievable by referencing, in different experimental approaches to single shot broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS). Qualitative agreement is obtained with previous experimental investigations of CARS noise. The(More)
Different rotational CARS techniques have been evaluated in terms of single-shot temperature accuracy and signal intensity in room temperature nitrogen and in flames. The different techniques include both dual broadband techniques, using one or two broadband dye lasers, and conventional rotational CARS with different dye lasers. These techniques are also(More)
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Two-dimensional images of Mie scattered light from a water aerosol have been recorded by a streak camera with a time resolution of a few picoseconds. The laser pulse, which is 35 ps long, is repeatedly reflected and refocused in the probe volume. On the output phosphor screen of the streak camera, the images of the scattering appear as adjacent, separated(More)