Marcos V Burgos

Learn More
The frequency and determinants of exogenous reinfection and of endogenous reactivation of tuberculosis in patients previously treated are poorly understood. In Gran Canaria Island, Spain, between 1991 and 1996, 962 tuberculosis cases were confirmed by culture. Drug susceptibility testing was performed on available bacterial isolates and IS6110-based RFLP(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is lengthy, toxic, expensive, and has generally poor outcomes. We undertook an individual patient data meta-analysis to assess the impact on outcomes of the type, number, and duration of drugs used to treat MDR-TB. METHODS AND FINDINGS Three recent systematic reviews were used to identify(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is a cytoplasmic protein responsible for the generation of nitric oxide (NO. ) in macrophages. In this work, we hypothesized that the intracellular localization of iNOS is significant for effective delivery of NO. to phagosomes containing ingested microorganisms. Using immunofluorescence microscopy and Western blot(More)
Understanding the ecology of drug-resistant pathogens is essential for devising rational programs to preserve the effective lifespan of antimicrobial agents and to abrogate epidemics of drug-resistant organisms. Mathematical models predict that strain fitness is an important determinant of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission, but the(More)
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis has emerged as a major threat to tuberculosis control. Phylogenetically related rifampin-resistant actinomycetes with mutations mapping to clinically dominant Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutations in the rpoB gene show upregulation of gene networks encoding secondary metabolites. We compared the expressed proteomes and(More)
BACKGROUND The results of animal studies suggest that isoniazid-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are less pathogenic than isoniazid-susceptible strains. Here, we assess the relative pathogenicity of drug-resistant and drug-susceptible strains, in a human population. METHODS We linked IS6110 genotype patterns of M. tuberculosis strains with(More)
CONTEXT Fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) of drugs for treatment of tuberculosis have been advocated to prevent the emergence of drug resistance. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of a 4-drug FDC for the treatment of tuberculosis. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS The Study C trial, a parallel-group, open-label, noninferiority, randomized controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Overcrowded emergency departments (EDs) are used by undiagnosed tuberculosis (TB) patients. TB infection control measures are seldom prioritized, making EDs potential foci of unrecognised nosocomial transmission. OBJECTIVE To quantify TB infection risk among health care workers in an ED in a high TB-burden setting, Lima, Peru, and to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis requires prolonged therapy, often involving long hospital stays. Despite intensive and costly therapy, cure rates are relatively low. METHODS We reviewed the outcomes for all patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treated in San Francisco, California, during 1982-2000 and(More)
Preoccupation to define the nutritional status of Puerto Rican families migrating to the United States, motivated the present research. A total of 526 families residing in the South Bronx, New York, and four communities in Puerto Rico, were therefore studied. Results in regard to nutrient intake suggest that the mothers' diets appear to be adequate in the(More)