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Associations of benthic invertebrates from Potter Cove (Antarctica) were defined from photo-transects. Density, percentage cover, species richness S′, diversity index H′, evenness index J′ and mean-size estimations were studied in relation to water depth down to 30 m. A clear bathymetric pattern was evident, with two different communities at 15 and 30 m,(More)
Solitary ascidians are the most abundant group of mega-epibenthic animals below 20 m in Potter Cove, King George Island. The present work deals with aspects of growth and respiration to explain this dominance. High growth rates and longevity (maximum ages between 3.1 and 10.6 years) make them effective colonisers after destructive events. Low basal(More)
Five new indole alkaloids, meridianins A-E (1-5), have been isolated from the tunicate Aplidium meridianum, which was collected at a depth of 100 m near the South Georgia Islands, and their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic techniques. Compounds 2-5 showed cytotoxicity toward murine tumor cell lines.
A rich benthic filter-feeding community is present at Potter Cove, South Shetland, in spite of some usually unfavorable conditions affecting their feeding ecology, such as low phytoplankton production in summer and high sedimentation rates. However, organic material that could fuel the benthic system, such as macroalgal fragments, was detected in the(More)
The Antarctic Peninsula (AP) is one of the three places on Earth that registered the most intense warming in the last 50 years, almost five times the global mean. This warming has strongly affected the cryosphere, causing the largest ice-shelf collapses ever observed and the retreat of 87% of glaciers. Ecosystem responses, although increasingly predicted,(More)
Ports are a key factor in the understanding and solving of most problems associated with marine invasive species across regional and global scales. Yet many regions with active ports remain understudied. The aim of this work was to (a) identify and quantify the marine fouling organisms in all Patagonian ports of Argentina classifying them as native, exotic(More)
Glacial retreat and subglacial bedrock erosion are consequences of rapid regional warming on the West Antarctic Peninsula. Sedimentation of fine-grained eroded particles can impact the physiology of filter-feeding benthic organisms. We investigated the effect of increasing concentrations of sediment on the oxygen consumption of suspension feeding species,(More)
A high seasonality characterizes Antarctic environments, and generates marked differences in availability and composition of food for benthic filter feeders. During a year-round period at Potter Cove, Antarctica, algal pigment concentration (chlorophyll a) and organic matter were measured in water column and sediment samples. Chemical composition of gut(More)
Despite the evolutionary-tree data suggesting that gene duplication leading to the divergence of the three branches which heart, liver and intestinal fatty acid-binding proteins belong to must have occurred before the vertebrate/invertebrate split, only the heart fatty acid-binding protein has been reported for invertebrates. In an attempt to shed light on(More)