Marcos Sergio Toledo

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Significant differences exist between mammals and fungi with respect to glycosphingolipid (GSL) structure and biosynthesis. Thus, these compounds, as well as the cellular machinery regulating their expression, have considerable potential as targets for the diagnosis and treatment of fungal diseases. In this study, the major neutral GSL components extracted(More)
Two major acidic glycolipid components (Pb-1 and Pb-2) have been extracted from the mycopathogen Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, a thermally dimorphic fungus endemic to rural areas of South and Central America. Sera of all patients exhibiting paracoccidioidomycosis were found to be reactive with Pb-1, but not with Pb-2; no reactivity was observed with sera(More)
In the present study, we describe the isolation of glycolipids from yeast and mycelium forms of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Both forms contains glucosylceramide as the only neutral glycosphingolipid and two acidic glycolipids termed band 1 and band 2. Band 1 was found to be reactive with 100% of sera of patients with paracoccidioidomycosis tested.(More)
Major neutral glycosphingolipid components were extracted from Sporothrix schenckii, a dimorphic fungus exhibiting a hyphal saprophytic phase and a yeast parasitic phase responsible for chronic mycotic infections in mammalian hosts. These components, one from the mycelial form and two from the yeast form, were purified and their structures were elucidated(More)
Fungal cerebrosides (monohexosylceramides, or CMHs) exhibit a number of ceramide structural modifications not found in mammalian glycosphingolipids, which present additional challenges for their complete characterization. The use of Li+ cationization, in conjunction with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and low energy collision-induced dissociation(More)
A mouse monoclonal antibody, MEST-1, was produced against Band 1 glycolipid antigen of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. The glycan structure of Band 1 antigen was recently elucidated and the monosaccharides sequence was defined as: Galf beta 1-->6(Manp alpha 1-->3)Manp beta 1-->2Ins. The reactivity of MEST-1 MAb was determined by solid-phase radioimmunoassay(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of antibodies to Helicobacter pylori CagA and VacA proteins and correlate this prevalence with gastric diseases in colonised Chileans. The study was performed in 418 adults colonised with H. pylori: 316 with gastroduodenal pathology (152 duodenal ulcer, 14 gastric cancer and 150 gastritis patients)(More)
Cell growth control mechanisms were studied based on organization of components in glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomain (GEM) in WI38 cells versus their oncogenic transformant VA13 cells. Levels of fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) and cSrc were 4 times and 2-3 times higher, respectively, in VA13 than in WI38 GEM, whereas the level of tetraspanin(More)
The opportunistic mycopathogen Aspergillus fumigatus expresses both glucosylceramide and galactosylceramide (GlcCer and GalCer), but their functional significance in Aspergillus species is unknown. We here identified and characterized a GlcCer from Aspergillus nidulans, a non-pathogenic model fungus. Involvement of GlcCer in fungal development was tested on(More)
Recently, glycosphingolipids have been attracting attention due to their role on biological systems as second messengers or modulators of signal transduction, affecting several events, which range from apoptosis to regulation of the cell cycle. In pathogenic fungi, glycolipids are expressed in two classes: neutral monohexosylceramides (glucosyl-or(More)