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Rhodoliths are nodules of non-geniculate coralline algae that occur in shallow waters (<150 m depth) subjected to episodic disturbance. Rhodolith beds stand with kelp beds, seagrass meadows, and coralline algal reefs as one of the world's four largest macrophyte-dominated benthic communities. Geographic distribution of rhodolith beds is discontinuous, with(More)
Magnetotactic bacteria move by rotating their flagella and concomitantly are aligned to magnetic fields because they present magnetosomes, which are intracellular organelles composed by membrane-bound magnetic crystals. This results in magnetotaxis, which is swimming along magnetic field lines. Magnetotactic bacteria are morphologically diverse, including(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the strontium incorporation into specific bones and teeth of rats treated with strontium ranelate. The relative strontium levels [Sr/(Ca + Sr) ratio] were obtained by synchrotron radiation micro X-ray fluorescence. The incisor teeth were further examined by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) in a scanning(More)
We describe effects of strontium ranelate treatment on intact mineralized nodules produced in osteoblast cell cultures. We analyzed the matrix directly at the cell culture surfaces following treatment with 0.05 and 0.5 mM Sr2+. This method allowed for data to be obtained from intact nodules, rather than from extracted samples. The bone-like nature of the(More)
Recent studies indicate that the cell membrane, interacting with its attached cytoskeleton, is an important regulator of cell function, exerting and responding to forces. We investigate this relationship by looking for connections between cell membrane elastic properties, especially surface tension and bending modulus, and cell function. Those properties(More)
Quantification of immunostaining is a widely used technique in pathology. Nonetheless, techniques that rely on human vision are prone to inter- and intraobserver variability, and they are tedious and time consuming. Digital image analysis (DIA), now available in a variety of platforms, improves quantification performance: however, the stability of these(More)
Implementation of the deep-etch technique enabled unprecedented definition of substructural elements of otoconia, including the fibrillar meshwork of the inner core with its globular attachments. Subsequently the effects of the principal soluble otoconial protein, otoconin 90, upon calcite crystal growth in vitro were determined, including an increased rate(More)
Magnetotactic multicellular aggregates and many-celled magnetotactic prokaryotes have been described as spherical organisms composed of several Gram-negative bacteria capable to align themselves along magnetic fields and swim as a unit. Here we describe a similar organism collected in a large hypersaline lagoon in Brazil. Ultrathin sections and freeze(More)
Galectin-3 (gal-3) is a β-galactoside binding protein present in multivalent complexes with an extracellular matrix and with cell surface glycoconjugates. In this context, it can deliver a variety of intracellular signals to modulate cell activation, differentiation and survival. In the hematopoietic system, it was demonstrated that gal-3 is expressed in(More)
Platelet-rich plasma has been used to treat articular cartilage defects, with the expectations of anabolic and anti-inflammatory effects. However, its role on cellular chondrogenic or fibrogenic commitment is still a controversy. Herein, the role of platelet-rich plasma releasate, the product obtained following platelet-rich plasma activation, on cellular(More)