Marcos André Vannier-Santos

Learn More
The plasma membrane of cells contains enzymes whose active sites face the external medium rather than the cytoplasm. The activities of these enzymes, referred to as ectoenzymes, can be measured using living cells. In this work we describe the ability of living promastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis to hydrolyze extracellular ATP. In these intact parasites(More)
Lysosomal cysteine proteases from mammalian cells and plants are regulated by endogenous tight-binding inhibitors from the cystatin superfamily. The presence of cystatin-like inhibitors in lower eukaryotes such as protozoan parasites has not yet been demonstrated, although these cells express large quantities of cysteine proteases and may also count on(More)
Hemozoin (Hz) is a heme crystal produced upon the digestion of hemoglobin (Hb) by blood-feeding organisms as a main mechanism of heme disposal. The structure of Hz consists of heme dimers bound by reciprocal iron-carboxylate interactions and stabilized by hydrogen bonds. We have recently described heme crystals in the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni, and(More)
Leptospirosis continues to be a disease with a poorly understood pathogenesis. The experimental rat model is amenable for the investigation of leptospiral dissemination, tropism, persistence of renal colonization and factors related to disease resistance. In this study, Wistar rats were infected intraperitoneally with virulent Leptospira interrogans serovar(More)
The antiproliferative effects and ultrastructural alterations induced in vitro by two antifungal compounds, the azole ketoconazole and the allylamine terbinafine on Leishmania amazonensis are reported. Promastigotes treatment with ketoconazole and terbinafine induced growth arrest and cell lysis in 72 hours. Combination of the two agents produced additive(More)
Trichomonad parasites such as Tritrichomonas foetus produce large amounts of putrescine (1,4-diaminobutane), which is transported out of the cell via an antiport mechanism which results in the uptake of a molecule of spermine. The importance of putrescine to the survival of the parasite and its role in the biology of T. foetus was investigated by use of the(More)
The presence of Leishmania amazonensis ecto-nucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase activities was demonstrated using antibodies against different NTPDase members by Western blotting, flow cytometry, and immunoelectron microscopy analysis. Living promastigote cells sequentially hydrolyzed the ATP molecule generating ADP, AMP, and adenosine, indicating(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi is the etiological agent of American trypanosomiasis. Most of the available data on trypanosomatid parasites were obtained from African trypanosomes. Parasitic protozoa polyamine metabolism and transport pathways comprise valuable targets for chemotherapy. T. cruzi cannot synthesize putrescine, but its uptake from the extracellular milieu(More)
Among the numerous ways of assessing regeneration after peripheral nerve lesions, the analysis of gait is one of the most important, because it shows the recovery of function, which is the ultimate goal of the repair machinery. The sciatic function index was introduced as a method to assess reinnervation after an experimental sciatic nerve lesion, and was(More)
Biosynthesis, enzymatic processing, and immunocytochemical localization of an abundant developmentally regulated cysteine proteinase of Leishmania pifanoi, Lpcys2, were investigated employing axenic cultured amastigotes and monoclonal antibodies specifically recognizing either the mature proteinase or the carboxy-terminal extension domain. Pulse labeling(More)