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— In recent years business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce has been subject to major rethinking. A paradigm shift from document centric file-based interchange of business information to process-centric and service-based information exchange can be observed. On a business level, a lot of work has been done to capture business models and collaborative business(More)
The Web services transaction protocol family includes the WS-atomic transaction and the WS-business activity specifications in order to carry out distributed transactions in a Web services (WS) environment. The WS-atomic transaction specification defines all necessary interfaces to carry out transactional work. In contrary, the WS-business activity(More)
UN/CEFACT's Modeling Methodology (UMM) is a mod-eling approach for describing the choreography of B2B processes. UMM is developed by the United Nations Center for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CE-FACT) and currently defined as a UML profile. Thereby, it constrains the UML for the specific needs of B2B. As we learned, using UML as the(More)
With the raising significance of electronic commerce and e-government applications the need for standardized business documents has emerged. Today, a business partner seeking to implement a new electronic commerce solution may choose from a multitude of different standards. Most of the standards are domain-specific and thus heterogeneous, since standards(More)
Inter-organizational systems have significantly been affected by service-oriented architectures (SOA) and Web services - the state-of-the-art technology to implement SOA. SOA is said to enable quick and inexpensive changes of the IT in order to establish new business partnerships or to reflect changes in existing partnerships. However, current approaches to(More)
The United Nation's Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) is an e-business standardization body. It is known from its work on UN/EDIFACT and ebXML. One of its ongoing work items is the UN/CEFACT modeling methodology (UMM) for modeling global choreographies of B2B scenarios. The goal of UMM is defining a shared business logic(More)
UN/CEFACT's modeling methodology (UMM) is a UML profile for modeling global B2B choreographies. The basic building blocks of UMM are business transactions, which describe the exchange of a business document and an optional response. In addition to these business document exchanges, UMM business transactions mandate business signals that acknowledge the(More)