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Elucidation of the genetic basis of the control of leaf shape could be of use in the manipulation of crop traits, leading to more stable and increased crop production. To improve our understanding of the process controlling leaf shape, we identified a mutant gene in rice that causes a significant decrease in the width of the leaf blade, termed narrow leaf 7(More)
A novel flavoprotein that catalyses the NADPH-dependent oxidation of 4-hydroxyacetophenone to 4-hydroxyphenyl acetate, was purified to homogeneity from Pseudomonas fluorescens ACB. Characterization of the purified enzyme showed that 4-hydroxyacetophenone monooxygenase (HAPMO) is a homodimer of approximately 140 kDa with each subunit containing a(More)
Baeyer–Villiger monooxygenases represent useful biocatalytic tools, as they can catalyze reactions which are difficult to achieve using chemical means. However, only a limited number of these atypical monooxygenases are available in recombinant form. Using a recently described protein sequence motif, a putative Baeyer–Villiger monooxygenase (BVMO) was(More)
The 4-hydroxyacetophenone monooxygenase (HAPMO) from Pseudomonas fluorescens ACB catalyzes NADPH- and oxygen-dependent Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of 4-hydroxyacetophenone to the corresponding acetate ester. Using the purified enzyme from recombinant Escherichia coli, we found that a broad range of carbonylic compounds that are structurally more or less(More)
EtaA is a newly identified FAD-containing monooxygenase that is responsible for activation of several thioamide prodrugs in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It was found that purified EtaA displays a remarkably low activity with the antitubercular prodrug ethionamide. Hinted by the presence of a Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase sequence motif in the EtaA sequence,(More)
The kinetic mechanism of vanillyl-alcohol oxidase with 4-methylphenol, 4-ethylphenol, 4-propylphenol and their C alpha-deuterated analogs has been studied at pH 7.5 and 25 degrees C. Conversion of 4-methylphenol is extremely slow (0.005 s(-1)) while the enzyme is largely in the reduced form during turnover. 4-Ethylphenol and 4-propylphenol are readily(More)
Phenylacetone monooxygenase (PAMO) from Thermobifida fusca is a FAD-containing Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase (BVMO). To elucidate the mechanism of conversion of phenylacetone by PAMO, we have performed a detailed steady-state and pre-steady-state kinetic analysis. In the catalytic cycle ( k cat = 3.1 s (-1)), rapid binding of NADPH ( K d = 0.7 microM) is(More)
The Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase (BVMO), 4-hydroxyacetophenone monooxygenase (HAPMO), uses NADPH and O(2) to oxidize a variety of aromatic ketones and sulfides. The FAD-containing enzyme has a 700-fold preference for NADPH over NADH. Sequence alignment with other BVMOs, which are all known to be selective for NADPH, revealed three conserved basic residues,(More)
Alditol oxidase (AldO) from Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) is a soluble monomeric flavin-dependent oxidase that performs selective oxidation of the terminal primary hydroxyl group of several alditols. Here, we report the crystal structure of the recombinant enzyme in its native state and in complex with both six-carbon (mannitol and sorbitol) and five-carbon(More)