Marco W Fraaije

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During the last decades a large number of flavin-dependent monooxygenases have been isolated and studied. This has revealed that flavoprotein monooxygenases are able to catalyze a remarkable wide variety of oxidative reactions such as regioselective hydroxylations and enantioselective sulfoxidations. These oxidation reactions are often difficult, if not(More)
Halohydrin dehalogenases, also known as haloalcohol dehalogenases or halohydrin hydrogen-halide lyases, catalyze the nucleophilic displacement of a halogen by a vicinal hydroxyl function in halohydrins to yield epoxides. Three novel bacterial genes encoding halohydrin dehalogenases were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, and the enzymes were shown to(More)
Flavin-containing Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases employ NADPH and molecular oxygen to catalyze the insertion of an oxygen atom into a carbon-carbon bond of a carbonylic substrate. These enzymes can potentially be exploited in a variety of biocatalytic applications given the wide use of Baeyer-Villiger reactions in synthetic organic chemistry. The catalytic(More)
Elucidation of the genetic basis of the control of leaf shape could be of use in the manipulation of crop traits, leading to more stable and increased crop production. To improve our understanding of the process controlling leaf shape, we identified a mutant gene in rice that causes a significant decrease in the width of the leaf blade, termed narrow leaf 7(More)
The Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase (BVMO), 4-hydroxyacetophenone monooxygenase (HAPMO), uses NADPH and O(2) to oxidize a variety of aromatic ketones and sulfides. The FAD-containing enzyme has a 700-fold preference for NADPH over NADH. Sequence alignment with other BVMOs, which are all known to be selective for NADPH, revealed three conserved basic residues,(More)
Hydroquinone 1,2-dioxygenase (HQDO), an enzyme involved in the catabolism of 4-hydroxyacetophenone in Pseudomonas fluorescens ACB, was purified to apparent homogeneity. Ligandation with 4-hydroxybenzoate prevented the enzyme from irreversible inactivation. HQDO was activated by iron(II) ions and catalyzed the ring fission of a wide range of hydroquinones to(More)
A novel flavoprotein that catalyses the NADPH-dependent oxidation of 4-hydroxyacetophenone to 4-hydroxyphenyl acetate, was purified to homogeneity from Pseudomonas fluorescens ACB. Characterization of the purified enzyme showed that 4-hydroxyacetophenone monooxygenase (HAPMO) is a homodimer of approximately 140 kDa with each subunit containing a(More)
Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases (BVMO) are flavoenzymes that catalyze a remarkably wide variety of oxidative reactions such as regioand enantioselective Baeyer-Villiger oxidations and sulfoxidations. Several of these conversions are difficult to achieve using chemical approaches. Due to their selectivity and catalytic efficiency, BVMOs are highly valuable(More)
Alditol oxidase (AldO) from Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) is a soluble monomeric flavin-dependent oxidase that performs selective oxidation of the terminal primary hydroxyl group of several alditols. Here, we report the crystal structure of the recombinant enzyme in its native state and in complex with both six-carbon (mannitol and sorbitol) and five-carbon(More)
Flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) are, after cytochromes P450, the most important monooxygenase system in humans and are involved in xenobiotics metabolism and variability in drug response. The x-ray structure of a soluble prokaryotic FMO from Methylophaga sp. strain SK1 has been solved at 2.6-A resolution and is now the protein of known structure(More)