Learn More
A growing body of scientific evidence indicates that exercise has a positive impact on human health, including neurological health. Aerobic exercise, which is supposed to enhance cardiovascular functions and metabolism, also induces neurotrophic factors that affect hippocampal neurons, thereby improving spatial learning and memory. Alternatively, little is(More)
BACKGROUND Well-known reports suggest that the use of energy drinks might reduce the intensity of the depressant effects of alcohol. However, there is little scientific evidence to support this hypothesis. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS The present study aimed at evaluating the effects of the simultaneous ingestion of an alcohol (vodka(37.5%v/v)) and an energy(More)
Obesity is a chronic inflammatory condition with numerous metabolic consequences to the organism, highlighting its influence on bone mass. Therefore, the aim of this study was to verify the role of visceral fat, leptin, adiponectin and ghrelin on bone mineral density in obese post-puberty adolescents girls, submitted to an interdisciplinary therapy. The(More)
Physical exercise is a modality of non-pharmacological treatment for sleep disorders. Contradicting results are still found in studies of the effect of exercise on sleep. Among the substances that have been described as sleep modulators, cytokines produced during the recovery period after an acute exercise session are very important. Various studies have(More)
INTRODUCTION Regular physical exercise has numerous benefits. However, there is a subset of the exercising population who may develop a compulsion to exercise excessively and who may, as a consequence, display physiological and psychological changes that have a direct influence on their quality of life. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine if there(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of home-based exercise for patients with chronic heart failure and sleep apnoea and to compare two different training programmes. DESIGN A randomized, prospective controlled trial. SETTING Department of Cardiology, University Hospital, Brazil. SUBJECTS Fifty chronic heart failure patients with sleep apnoea were(More)
BACKGROUND The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism gene contributes to the genesis of hypertension (HTN) and may help explain the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and HTN. However, ACE is a pleiotropic gene that has several influences, including skeletal muscle and control of ventilation. We therefore(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity has adverse physical, social, and economic consequences that can negatively affect quality of life (QOL). Thus the aim of this study was to verify the effects of a long-term multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention on QOL, body image, anxiety, depression and binge eating in obese adolescents. METHODS Sixty-six obese adolescents (41(More)
BACKGROUND There are popular reports on the combined use of alcohol and energy drinks (such as Red Bull and similar beverages, which contain caffeine, taurine, carbohydrates, etc.) to reduce the depressant effects of alcohol on central nervous system, but no controlled studies have been performed. The main purpose of this study was to verify the effects of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The aim of the current survey was to investigate the prevalence of sleep complaints in a randomized cluster sample of the Brazilian population. METHODS A 3-stage cluster sampling technique was utilized to randomly select Brazilian subjects older than 16 years, of both genders and all socioeconomic classes. The final sample of 2,110(More)