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Ghrelin is a gastric hormone increased during caloric restriction and fat depletion. A role of ghrelin in the regulation of lipid and energy metabolism is suggested by fat gain independent of changes in food intake during exogenous ghrelin administration in rodents. We investigated the potential effects of peripheral ghrelin administration (two times daily(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin administration can induce fat weight gain and hyperglycemia (potentially through ghrelin-induced hepatic glucose production), but plasma ghrelin is positively associated with whole-body insulin sensitivity (mainly reflecting muscle insulin action) being increased in lean individuals or after diet-induced weight loss and reduced in obesity(More)
The transport of two different classes of organic anions (cholephilic dyes; the sulfobromophthalein, BSP, and bile acids; taurocholate, TC) was investigated in the HepG2 cell line. At 37 degrees C, BSP uptake was found to be biphasic with an apparent saturative curve in the concentration range between 0-6 microM followed by a linear component up to 18(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Insulin is a major post-prandial muscle-anabolic hormone. A substantial loss of skeletal muscle mass occurs in insulin-deprived diabetes and is reversed by insulin treatment. Myostatin is a negative regulator of muscle mass upregulated in several chronic catabolic conditions. Whether myostatin expression is altered in insulin-deprived(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Ghrelin is an orexigenic hormone secreted by the stomach. Increased plasma ghrelin concentration was reported during diet-induced weight loss in obese humans, suggesting that ghrelin contributes to adaptive increment in appetite associated with caloric restriction. Leptin reduces spontaneous food intake and body weight in rodents. The(More)
To investigate the effect of age and gender on ethanol metabolism, first-pass metabolism (FPM) and gastric alcohol-dehydrogenase (ADH) activity were compared in 32 elderly and 30 young adult nonalcoholic subjects. The FPM was obtained from the difference between the area under the curve of ethanol blood concentration after intravenous or oral administration(More)
Based on the high level of identity among human, mouse, and rat MRP1 protein sequence, we produced a specific polyclonal antibody (MRP1-A23) against a synthetic polypeptide covering the C-terminus of the human protein. Western blot analysis showed a reactivity against human MRP1 similar to that obtained with the monoclonal QCRL1 antibody. Differently from(More)
BACKGROUND Phage display antibody libraries have been made from the lymphocytes of patients suffering from autoimmune diseases in which the antibodies are known to play a role in the pathogenesis or are important for the diagnosis of the disease. In the case of Celiac Disease, the immune response is directed against the autoantigen tissue transglutaminase.(More)
BACKGROUND Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune gastrointestinal disorder characterized by the presence of anti-transglutaminase 2 (TG2) and anti-gliadin antibodies. Amongst the neurological dysfunctions associated with CD, ataxia represents the most common one. METHODS We analyzed by immunohistochemistry, the anti-neural reactivity of the serum from 20(More)
Growth arrest specific (gas) 1 gene product is expressed in non-transformed fibroblasts in response to stimuli driving cells into Go phase. Gas1 has been demonstrated to inhibit cell proliferation when over-expressed in proliferating fibroblasts. This activity depends on a function of the p53 protein independent of its transactivating ability. To better(More)