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BACKGROUND Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is a systemic vasculitis secondary to circulating immune complex deposition in the small vessels. In the overwhelming majority of patients, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents the triggering factor of the disease. MC is characterized by multiple organ involvement, mainly skin, liver, renal, peripheral nerves,(More)
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is frequently complicated by skin ulcers, often unresponsive to traditional treatments. A preliminary evaluation of the effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) was carried out in 14 patients with SSc with nonhealing, severe cutaneous ulcers. Patients received rHuEPO subcutaneously at a dosage of 150 IU/kg 3 times weekly(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety in the long term of a retreatment regimen with Rituximab (RTX) alone administered at clinical relapse in cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CV). METHODS Thirty patients with severe HCV-related CV, previously enrolled in the multicentre Italian trial on RTX in the treatment of CV, were retrospectively evaluated after(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies have reported the association of systemic sclerosis (SSc) with thyroid autoimmune disorders, but most of them have neither an appropriate control group nor include a complete thyroid work-up. DESIGN The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid disorders in a large number of patients with SSc using a complete(More)
OBJECTIVES The pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc) includes complex alterations to the immune system, possibly responsible for diffuse microvasculature and fibroblast dysfunction. Previous anecdotal observations suggest a possible role for thymus alterations in some autoimmune rheumatic diseases, including SSc. This study aimed to investigate the(More)
Cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CV) is an immune-complex-mediated systemic vasculitis involving small-medium sized vessels. A causative role of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in over 4/5 patients has been definitely established on the basis of epidemiological, pathological, and laboratory studies. There is great geographical heterogeneity in the prevalence of CV as(More)
HCV chronic infection is characterized by possible development of both hepatic and extrahepatic manifestations. The infection by this both hepatotropic and lymphotropic virus is responsible for polyoligoclonal B-lymphocyte expansion, leading to several immune-mediated disorders. Mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome that in some cases may evolve to frank B-cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the risk of serious infections (SIs) in RA patients receiving anti-TNF therapy on the basis of the data included in the GISEA register. METHODS The study involved 2769 adult patients with long-standing RA (mean age 53.2±13.4 years; mean disease duration 9.0±8.3 years) enrolled in the GISEA register, who had been treated for at least(More)
Scleroderma heart involvement (SHI) is often manifest, and virtually always present when accurately searched and holds a significant prognostic value. Myocardial involvement by patchy fibrosis (secondary to both repeated ischaemia and immunoinflammatory damage) leads to ventricular diastolic dysfunction, whereas right ventricle overload and failure may(More)