Marco Romano

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The Notch signaling pathway drives proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, cell fate, and maintenance of stem cells in several tissues. Aberrant activation of Notch signaling has been described in several tumours and in gastric cancer (GC), activated Notch1 has been associated with de-differentiation of lineage-committed stomach cells into stem(More)
UNLABELLED The Mediterranean diet is rich in extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and associated with a lower incidence of colorectal cancer. EVOO contains phenolic extracts with potential anticarcinogenic activity. AIM To assess the anticancer properties of EVOO phenolic extracts using in vitro models. METHODS Phenolic profiles of two different EVOOs (A and(More)
Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is associated with gastric inflammation and ulceration. The pathways of tissue damage in Hp-infected subjects are complex, but evidence indicates that T cell-derived cytokines enhance the synthesis of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) that contribute to mucosal ulceration and epithelial damage. In this study, we have(More)
The Western diet (WD) is associated with a higher incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) than the Mediterranean diet. Polyphenols extracted from Annurca apple showed chemopreventive properties in CRC cells. A multifactorial, four-arm study by using wild-type (wt) and Apc(Min/+) mice was carried out to evaluate the effect on polyp number and growth of APE(More)
PURPOSE The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) autocrine pathway plays an important role in cancer cell growth. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of tumor-induced endothelial cell proliferation and vascular permeability. Enhanced cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression has been linked to cancer cell proliferation, EGFR(More)
BACKGROUND Standard [i.e. pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) + ribavirin] treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related chronic hepatitis is associated with a sustained virological response (SVR) in 50 - 90% of patients. A rapid virological response (RVR) (i.e. negative HCV-RNA after 4 weeks of treatment) predicts SVR in almost 90% of patients. OBJECTIVES The(More)
Sorafenib confers a survival benefit for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and Child‑Pugh (CP) A liver cirrhosis. At present, limited data exists with regard to the safety and efficacy of sorafenib in treating CP‑B HCC patients. The present study describes the use of sorafenib in patients with HCC and CP‑A or ‑B cirrhosis. Clinical data(More)
A higher prevalence of coeliac disease has recently been reported among patients with HCV-related chronic hepatitis. Moreover, development of clinically overt coeliac disease has been described in a number of HCV-related chronic hepatitis patients during α-interferon therapy. This prospective study was designed to evaluate 1) the prevalence of coeliac(More)
BACKGROUND Occult HBV infection (OBI) is defined by the persistence of HBV in the liver without serum HBsAg and HBVDNA. It represents a life-threatening event during immunosuppressive chemotherapies. An OBI occurs in approximately 18% of HBcAb + patients. International guidelines suggest surveillance for HBV markers in immunosuppressed patients. In(More)