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Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) are grown by a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) method at 600 °C. The nanotubes are of high quality as characterized by microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and electrical transport measurements. High performance field effect transistors are obtained with the PECVD nanotubes. Interestingly, electrical(More)
In nature, electrical signalling occurs with ions and protons, rather than electrons. Artificial devices that can control and monitor ionic and protonic currents are thus an ideal means for interfacing with biological systems. Here we report the first demonstration of a biopolymer protonic field-effect transistor with proton-transparent PdH(x) contacts. In(More)
Proton conduction is essential in biological systems. Oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria, proton pumping in bacteriorhodopsin, and uncoupling membrane potentials by the antibiotic Gramicidin are examples. In these systems, H(+) hop along chains of hydrogen bonds between water molecules and hydrophilic residues - proton wires. These wires also support(More)
Supplementary Information FTIR was performed to determine the degree of deacetylation of the prepared chitin nanofibers. Both the dried chitin nanofiber film and deacetylated chitin nanofiber film were ground into powder, mixed with KBr (sample/KBr 1:20 w/w), and 10 compressed into pellets. FTIR spectra were then obtained with a Bruker Vector 33 FTIR(More)
As the dimensions of electronic devices approach those of molecules, the size, geometry, and chemical composition of the contact electrodes play increasingly dominant roles in device functions. It is shown here that single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) can be used as quasi-one-dimensional (1D) electrodes to construct organic field effect transistors (FET)(More)
Engineered tissues require enhanced organization of cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) for proper function. To promote cell organization, substrates with controlled micro- and nanopatterns have been developed as supports for cell growth, and to induce cellular elongation and orientation via contact guidance. Micropatterned ultra-thin biodegradable(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms of reduced angina on second exertion in patients with coronary arterial disease, also known as the warm-up angina phenomenon, are poorly understood. Adaptations within the coronary and systemic circulations have been suggested but never demonstrated in vivo. In this study we measured central and coronary hemodynamics during serial(More)
Iron containing nanoparticles are found to spontaneously form on hydroxylated SiO 2 substrates when immersed in a freshly mixed aqueous solution of FeCl 3 and hydroxylamine. Upon calcination, a submonolayer of uniformly distributed iron oxide nanoparticles can be derived and used to catalyze the growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes by chemical vapor(More)