Marco Ranalli

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p73, an important developmental gene, shares a high sequence homology with p53 and induces both G(1) cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms through which p73 induces apoptosis are unclear. We found that p73-induced apoptosis is mediated by PUMA (p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis) induction, which, in turn, causes Bax(More)
Epidermal development requires the transcription factor p63, as p63-/- mice are born dead, without skin. The gene expresses two proteins, one with an amino-terminal transactivation domain (TAp63) and one without (deltaNp63), although their relative contribution to epidermal development is unknown. To address this issue, we reintroduced TAp63alpha and/or(More)
Neuroblastoma is notable for its cellular heterogeneity and unpredictable outcome. Tumors are a variable mixture of primitive malignant neuroblasts, more differentiated ganglionic cells, Schwann and endothelial cells. Although often fatal, neuroblastomas can spontaneously regress, possibly due to favorable autocrine and paracrine interactions among these(More)
Cajal bodies are small nuclear organelles with a number of nuclear functions. Here we show that FLICE-associated huge protein (FLASH), originally described as a component of the apoptosis signaling pathway, is mainly localized in Cajal bodies and is essential for their structure. Reduction in FLASH expression by short hairpin RNA results in disruption of(More)
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion. In the advanced stages of the disease, beta-cell dysfunction worsens and insulin therapy may be necessary to achieve satisfactory metabolic control. Studies in autopsies found decreased beta-cell mass in pancreas of people with type 2 diabetes. Apoptosis, a constitutive(More)
Transglutaminase 2 (TGase 2) is a Ca+2-dependent enzyme that catalyzes both intracellular and extracellular cross-linking reactions by transamidation of specific glutamine residues. TGase 2 is known to be involved in the membrane-mediated events required for glucose-stimulated insulin release from the pancreatic beta cells. Here we show that targeted(More)
To explore the expression and gain more information on the function of transglutaminase 5 enzyme in normal and defective human epidermis, we generated a rat antihuman transglutaminase 5 antiserum elicited against a purified active recombinant protein expressed in the baculovirus system. By use of Western blotting and immunofluorescence methods, the(More)
Retinoic acid therapy improves the survival of children with neuroblastoma and 13-cis retinoic acid now forms an important component of treatment for residual disease of stage IV neuroblastoma after chemotherapy. However, although 13-cis retinoic acid induces differentiation, other retinoids are effective at inducing apoptosis of neuroblastoma in vitro,(More)
The synthetic retinoid fenretinide induces apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells and in vitro acts synergistically with chemotherapeutic drugs used to treat neuroblastoma. The mechanisms of fenretinide-induced cell death of neuroblastoma cells are complex, involving cellular signaling pathways as yet incompletely defined but, in part, involving the generation of(More)
Fenretinide is an effective inducer of apoptosis in many malignancies but its precise mechanism(s) of action in the induction of apoptosis in neuroblastoma is unclear. To characterize fenretinide-induced apoptosis, neuroblastoma cell lines were treated with fenretinide and flow cytometry was used to measure apoptosis, free radical generation, and(More)