Marco Pugliese

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Stroke causes CNS injury associated with strong fast microglial activation as part of the inflammatory response. In rat models of stroke, sulphonylurea receptor blockade with glibenclamide reduced cerebral edema and infarct volume. We postulated that glibenclamide administered during the early stages of stroke might foster neuroprotective microglial(More)
Diagnosis of dementia of the Alzheimer's type depends on clinical criteria and exclusion of other disorders because, at this time, a validated biological marker, aside from histological brain examination, remains to be established. The canine counterpart of senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (ccSDAT) is considered a promising model for examining(More)
Single and double-labeling immunocytochemistry has been used to learn about the localization, distribution, and possible relationship between beta-amyloid protein (Aβ) deposition and tau hyperphosphorylation in the canine cerebral cortex with age. Behavioral impairment, as reported by the owners and tested in all dogs, correlated with increased Aβ burden in(More)
The specific functional and pathological alterations observed in Alzheimer's disease are less severe in the cerebellum than in other brain areas, particularly the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus. Since dense core amyloid-beta plaque formation has been associated with an acetylcholinesterase heterogeneous nucleator action, we examined if an(More)
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an acquired inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) and is the leading cause of nontraumatic disability among young adults. Activated microglial cells are important effectors of demyelination and neurodegeneration, by secreting cytokines and others neurotoxic agents. Previous studies have(More)
The aged dog is considered a promising model for examining molecular and cellular processes involved in a variety of human neurological disorders. By using the canine counterpart of senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (ccSDAT), we investigated the specific vulnerability of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) cortical subset of interneurons, characterized(More)
In rat brain, calcification associated with excitotoxicity has been proposed to play a protective role, whereas in human brain, nonartherosclerotic calcification is present in several pathological conditions without any clear significance. To determine if calcification can be viewed as a protective step of calcium homeostasis during chronic and acute(More)
Microglial cells involved in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative diseases acquire the features of cytotoxic and phagocytic cells in response to certain pathogens and inflammatory signals. K(ATP) channels are energy sensors of ATP availability that link the cell's metabolic state to its membrane excitability. In pancreatic beta cells, they promote(More)
Pharmacological modulation of ATP-sensitive potassium channels has become a promising new therapeutic approach for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases due to their role in mitochondrial and cellular protection. For instance, diazoxide, a well-known ATP-sensitive potassium channel activator with high affinity for mitochondrial component of the(More)
Like humans, canines develop with aging β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques and a progressive cognitive deficit on tasks similar to those used in diagnosis and follow-up of Alzheimer’s disease. Owing to that, dogs are quite unique to investigate the early events taking place in the diffuse Aβ plaque maturation and its relationship with cognitive deficit. The aim of the(More)