Marco Paterni

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The ultrasonic image can offer unique information on the composition of atherosclerotic plaque, ie, the relative content of lipids, fibrous tissue, and calcific deposits. To date, however, the echographic assessment of plaque structure is based on a subjective, qualitative evaluation of the bidimensional images. We evaluated the(More)
The first absolute central moment is a statistical filter which measures the variability of the gray levels of the image with respect to the local mean. The analysis of the responses of the central and absolute central moments at noiseless isolated step discontinuities shows how the first absolute central moment can be usefully used to enhance these(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Regular endurance exercise has been shown to reduce the age-related increase in arterial stiffness that is thought to contribute to cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of age and habitual physical activity on carotid artery wall thickness and stiffness in a population of young to middle-age(More)
In this paper the implementation of a contour tracking procedure is presented. If a rough contour of the desired structure is available on the first frame of a sequence, the contours on the subsequent frames are automatically outlined in real time. Furthermore, indices of clinical interest are calculated from the computed contour and they are graphically(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the in vivo effects of quercetin on pial microvascular responses during transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) and reperfusion. Rat pial microcirculation was visualized by fluorescence microscopy through a closed cranial window. Pial arterioles were classified in five orders of branchings. Capillaries(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Thrombosis on atherosclerotic lesions in the large extracranial arteries is the main cause of embolization in the distal cerebral circulation and thus is involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. The assessment of biological characteristics of lesions that are predictive of thrombotic complications might help in stratification(More)
A thrombotic occlusion of the vessel fed by ruptured coronary atherosclerotic plaque may result in unstable angina, myocardial infarction or death, whereas embolization from a plaque in carotid arteries may result in transient ischemic attack or stroke. The atherosclerotic plaque prone to such clinical events is termed high-risk or vulnerable plaque, and(More)
-Doppler-derived parameters of transmitral flow are useful indices of diastolic dysfunction in the hypertensive heart. Different degrees of myocardial involvement in hypertensive heart can be detected by videodensitometric myocardial textural analysis. The aim of this study was to compare Doppler-derived and ultrasonic videodensitometric parameters in the(More)