Marco Paterni

Learn More
Several abnormalities of the shape of lung fields (depression and flattening of the diaphragmatic contours, increased retrosternal space) are indicative of emphysema and can be accurately imaged by digital chest radiography. In this work, we aimed at developing computational descriptors of the shape of the lung silhouette able to capture the alterations(More)
Extensive experimental and clinical data show that the ultrasonic image conveys information on the biochemical composition of the atherosclerotic plaque, ie, the relative content of lipids (hypoechoic), fibrous tissue (hyperechoic), and calcific deposits (very echogenic with shadowing). A more dishomogeneous echo structure of the plaque is also more often(More)
A thrombotic occlusion of the vessel fed by ruptured coronary atherosclerotic plaque may result in unstable angina, myocardial infarction or death, whereas embolization from a plaque in carotid arteries may result in transient ischemic attack or stroke. The atherosclerotic plaque prone to such clinical events is termed high-risk or vulnerable plaque, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The ultrasonic image can offer unique information on the composition of atherosclerotic plaque, ie, the relative content of lipids, fibrous tissue, and calcific deposits. To date, however, the echographic assessment of plaque structure is based on a subjective, qualitative evaluation of the bidimensional images. We evaluated the(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess quercetin's mechanism of action in rat pial microvessels during transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) and reperfusion. Rat pial microcirculation was visualized using fluorescence microscopy through a closed cranial window. Pial arterioles were classified in five orders of branchings. In(More)
BACKGROUND Recent bioptical data have shown that in weight-lifters (WL) under the pharmacological effects of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS), a focal increase in myocardial collagen content might occur as a reparative mechanism against a myocardial damage. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate whether by using videodensitometry an early(More)
The purpose of this work is twofold: (i) to develop a CAD system for the assessment of emphysema by digital chest radiography and (ii) to test it against CT imaging. The system is based on the analysis of the shape of lung silhouette as imaged in standard chest examination. Postero-anterior and lateral views are processed to extract the contours of the lung(More)
BACKGROUND In subclinical hypothyroidism (sHT), a condition in which impaired hormone synthesis is compensated by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) hypersecretion, previous studies have suggested the presence of disturbances in left ventricular (LV) function. OBJECTIVES Our goal was to investigate LV structure and function through the combined use of(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to characterize myocardial echodensity in asymptomatic patients with insulin-dependent diabetes and normal conventional two-dimensional echocardiographic findings to determine whether ultrasound tissue characterization can detect ultrastructural changes in myocardium, such as an increase in collagen content. BACKGROUND Fibrosis alters(More)
BACKGROUND Clinicoepidemiological findings indicate that symptomatic heart involvement in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) predicts a very poor prognosis. At necropsy studies, SSc heart involvement without significant coronary lesions is characterised by patchy myocyte necrosis and contraction band necrosis with collagen replacement leading to(More)