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A thrombotic occlusion of the vessel fed by ruptured coronary atherosclerotic plaque may result in unstable angina, myocardial infarction or death, whereas embolization from a plaque in carotid arteries may result in transient ischemic attack or stroke. The atherosclerotic plaque prone to such clinical events is termed high-risk or vulnerable plaque, and(More)
The purpose of this work is twofold: (i) to develop a CAD system for the assessment of emphysema by digital chest radiography and (ii) to test it against CT imaging. The system is based on the analysis of the shape of lung silhouette as imaged in standard chest examination. Postero-anterior and lateral views are processed to extract the contours of the lung(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of insulin (0.18 nM-0.18 microM) on reduced capillary perfusion, microvascular permeability increase and leukocyte adhesion induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury were investigated in the hamster cheek pouch microcirculation. To gain insight into the insulin's mechanism of action, the effects of its higher concentration (0.18 microM)(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to characterize myocardial echodensity in asymptomatic patients with insulin-dependent diabetes and normal conventional two-dimensional echocardiographic findings to determine whether ultrasound tissue characterization can detect ultrastructural changes in myocardium, such as an increase in collagen content. BACKGROUND Fibrosis alters(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to establish whether changes in myocardial texture can be observed in humans by transthoracic echocardiography during ischemic episodes of different severity and duration induced by various pathogenetic mechanisms. BACKGROUND Increased echo-reflectivity of ischemic myocardium has been detected in experimental animals by(More)
Experimental and human studies have shown that a preserved cyclic (diastolic-to-systolic) echoreflectivity variation, assessed by radiofrequency sampling of backscatter signal with non-commercially available prototypes, identifies viability in a myocardial segment with a resting dyssynergy. The objective of this study was to assess whether a(More)
Extensive experimental and clinical data show that the ultrasonic image conveys information on the biochemical composition of the atherosclerotic plaque, ie, the relative content of lipids (hypoechoic), fibrous tissue (hyperechoic), and calcific deposits (very echogenic with shadowing). A more dishomogeneous echo structure of the plaque is also more often(More)
CONTEXT An independent association between obesity and preclinical carotid atherosclerosis has been demonstrated, however, the pathophysiological links were not clearly established. Body composition (BC) influences systemic hemodynamics and may participate in the remodeling of common carotid artery (CCA), independently of risk factors. OBJECTIVE This(More)
BACKGROUND In subclinical hypothyroidism (sHT), a condition in which impaired hormone synthesis is compensated by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) hypersecretion, previous studies have suggested the presence of disturbances in left ventricular (LV) function. OBJECTIVES Our goal was to investigate LV structure and function through the combined use of(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the ability of the phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor vardenafil to increase prostate microcirculation during power Doppler ultrasound. We also evaluated the results of contrast and vardenafil enhanced targeted biopsies compared to those of standard 12-core random biopsies to detect cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between May 2008 and(More)