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Introduction. Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) is an independent predictor of mortality. The aim of this study was to relate pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) to the cardiovascular status of dialysis patients. Methods. 27 peritoneal dialysis (PD) and 29 haemodialysis (HD) patients (60 ± 13 years, 37 males, dialysis vintage was 40 ± 48 months) had PAP measured(More)
Neuroendocrine mechanisms are major determinants of the normal 24-h blood pressure (BP) pattern. At the central level, integration of the major driving factors of this temporal variability is mediated by circadian rhythms of monoaminergic systems in conjunction with those of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal, hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid, opioid,(More)
Acute renal infarction is a well known, although relatively unfrequent, cause of flank pain resistant to administration of spasmolytic and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We present an original case of a 41-year-old man, complaining of acute severe left flank pain, resistant to common analgesic therapy, who was diagnosed of segmental renal infarction(More)
AIM To investigate the possible association between Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC)-a reversible clinical condition mimicking an acute myocardial infarction characterized by multifactorial pathophysiologic mechanisms- and respiratory system diseases. METHODS We systematically searched PubMed and EMBASE medical information sources, to identify the(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the relationship between serum creatinine (SCr) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), evaluated by different formulae, and all-cause mortality (ACM) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) outpatients. METHODS This observational cohort study considered 1365 T2DM outpatients, who had been followed up for a period of up to(More)
OBJECTIVE The association between hyperuricemia and cardiovascular risk is widely known, and hyperuricemia is associated with many pathological conditions due to its effect on the endothelial function and metabolic homeostasis. The aim of this study was to verify whether the available literature may support the hypothesis that uric acid has a protective and(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the end stage of many cardiac diseases, and one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity around the world. Coronary heart disease and hypertension (either singly or together) are the main etiology for CHF. It has been reported that major acute cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction,(More)
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in renal transplant recipients (RTR) is still under investigation. We performed a cross-sectional study of 107 stable RTR who were diagnosed as having MS defined by the Adult Treatment Panel III of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP-ATP III) criteria. Anthropometric, clinical and biochemical data were(More)