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Recent progress with spinal cord injured (SCI) patients indicates that with training they can recover some locomotor ability. Here we addressed the question of whether locomotor responses developed with training depend on re-activation of the normal motor patterns or whether they depend on learning new motor patterns. To this end we recorded detailed(More)
Several recent studies support the view that the cerebellum's contribution to sensory processing is not limited to movement regulation. In a previous paper (Restuccia D, Valeriani M, Barba C, Le Pera D, Capecci M, Filippini V, Molinari M. Functional changes of the primary somatosensory cortex in patients with unilateral cerebellar lesions. Brain 2001; 124:(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of focal cerebellar lesions on procedural learning. Eight patients with cerebellar lesions and six control subjects were tested in a serial reaction-time task. A four-choice reaction-time task was employed in which the stimuli followed (or not) a sequence repeated 10 times, with the subjects(More)
This study investigated differentiation of Macaca fuscata auditory thalamus into chemically defined nuclei forming relays to auditory cortical areas. The thalamus was stained immunocytochemically for parvalbumin and 28 kDa calbindin in normals and in brains in which retrogradely transported tracers were injected into middle layers of auditory cortical areas(More)
What are the building blocks with which the human spinal cord constructs the motor patterns of locomotion? In principle, they could correspond to each individual activity pattern in dozens of different muscles. Alternatively, there could exist a small set of constituent temporal components that are common to all activation patterns and reflect global(More)
In the present study, we used electrophysiological, biochemical, and confocal microscopy techniques, to investigate the functional role of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) and cannabinoid type 1 receptors (CB1-R) in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and their stimulation by the endocannabinoid N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA).(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent clinical and functional neuroimaging evidence points towards a cerebellar role in verbal production. At present it is not clear how the cerebellum participates in language production. The aim was to investigate the influence of cerebellar lesions on verbal fluency abilities with specific focus on the verbal searching strategies employed by(More)
OBJECTIVE Motor imagery (MI) is assumed to enhance poststroke motor recovery, yet its benefits are debatable. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can provide instantaneous and quantitative measure of cerebral functions modulated by MI. The efficacy of BCI-monitored MI practice as add-on intervention to usual rehabilitation care was evaluated in a randomized(More)
Although cerebellar lesions do not cause evident sensory deficits, it has been suggested recently that the cerebellum might play a role in sensory acquisition and discrimination. To determine whether the cerebellum influences the early phases of cortical somatosensory processing, we recorded cortical somatosensory evoked potentials after median nerve(More)
The main purpose of electroencephalography (EEG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) technology is to provide an alternative channel to support communication and control when motor pathways are interrupted. Despite the considerable amount of research focused on the improvement of EEG signal detection and translation into output commands, little is known(More)