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p53 protects us from cancer by transcriptionally regulating tumor suppressive programs designed to either prevent the development or clonal expansion of malignant cells. How p53 selects target genes in the genome in a context- and tissue-specific manner remains largely obscure. There is growing evidence that the ability of p53 to bind DNA in a cooperative(More)
Comparative analysis is a topic of utmost importance in structural bioinformatics. Recently, a structural counterpart to sequence alignment, called multiple graph alignment, was introduced as a tool for the comparison of protein structures in general and protein binding sites in particular. Using approximate graph matching techniques, this method enables(More)
The concept of multiple graph alignment (MGA) has recently been introduced as a novel method for the structural analysis of biomolecules. Using approximate graph matching techniques, this method enables the robust identification of approximately conserved patterns in biologically related structures. In particular, MGA enables the characterization of(More)
In this paper, we present a novel approach for using a GPU-based Cloud computing infrastructure to efficiently perform a structural comparison of protein binding sites. The original CPU-based Java version of a recent graph-based algorithm called SEGA has been rewritten in OpenCL to run on NVIDIA GPUs in parallel on a set of Amazon EC2 Cluster GPU Instances.(More)
Protein binding sites are often represented by means of graphs capturing their most important geometrical and physicochemical properties. Searching for structural similarities and identifying functional relationships between them can thus be reduced to matching their corresponding graph descriptors. In this paper, we propose a method for the structural(More)
Resistance formation after initial therapy response (acquired resistance) is common in high-risk neuroblastoma patients. YM155 is a drug candidate that was introduced as a survivin suppressant. This mechanism was later challenged, and DNA damage induction and Mcl-1 depletion were suggested instead. Here we investigated the efficacy and mechanism of action(More)
Inactivation of the p53 tumor suppressor by Mdm2 is one of the most frequent events in cancer, so compounds targeting the p53-Mdm2 interaction are promising for cancer therapy. Mechanisms conferring resistance to p53-reactivating compounds are largely unknown. Here we show using CRISPR-Cas9-based target validation in lung and colorectal cancer that the(More)
Graphs are often used to describe and analyze the geometry and physic-ochemical composition of biomolecular structures, such as chemical compounds and protein active sites. Ak ey problem in graph-based structure analysis is to define a measure of similarity that enables am eaningful comparison of such structures. In this regard, so-called kernel functions(More)