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Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a devastating malignancy arising from the bile ducts. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are key players in CCA invasiveness and in the generation of a desmoplastic reaction. The aim of the present study was to develop a novel model by which to study tumor-stroma interactions using primary cultures of human biliary epithelial(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma is an aggressive, strongly chemoresistant liver malignancy. Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), an IL-6 family cytokine, promotes progression of various carcinomas. To investigate the role of LIF in cholangiocarcinoma, we evaluated the expression of LIF and its receptor (LIFR) in human samples. LIF secretion and LIFR expression were(More)
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