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Metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) progression. Here, we used genome-scale metabolic modeling to elucidate metabolic reprogramming in 481 ccRCC samples and discovered strongly coordinated regulation of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) biosynthesis at the transcript and protein levels. Extracellular GAGs are implicated in(More)
Malignancy-associated hypercalcemia (MAH) is one of the clinical emergencies in medical oncology, arising early or, more often, during the late phases of disease. Prevalence cannot be estimated accurately because previous figures of 5-30% of all cancer patients have progressively reduced thanks to the widespread use of bisphosphonates for the prevention of(More)
Solitary Fibrous Tumour (SFT) is a rare soft tissue neoplasm, described in several locations in the body. It is classified as intermediate malignant potential with low risk of metastasis and has a low tendency to recur after primary surgery. We performed a prospective data collection of the patients with SFT presented to the Royal Marsden Hospital from(More)
Perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas) are rare soft-tissue tumors with an extremely heterogeneous clinical behavior. They may arise in different organs and may behave indolently or sometimes metastasize with different grades of biological aggressiveness. We report the case of a young woman with a primary inoperable PEComa of the liver with(More)
BACKGROUND In this retrospective analysis, we explored the prognostic and predictive value of the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), based on lymphocyte, neutrophil, and platelet counts, at baseline and changes at week 6 during first-line sunitinib in patients with metastatic renal cell cancer (RCC). RESULTS Patients were stratified into high SII(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) expression is the main indicator of potential responses to endocrine therapy (ET), and approximately 70% of human breast cancers (BCs) are hormone-dependent and ER-positive. The introduction of adjuvant systemic therapy led to a significant improvement in post-surgical survival and a reduction in disease relapse, especially in women(More)
UNLABELLED Perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas) are rare tumors driven by tuberous sclerosis complex gene mutations causing up-regulation of mTOR. We report the outcome of ten consecutive patients treated with sirolimus or temsirolimus. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective analysis was performed on patients seen between 2007 and 2013.(More)
BACKGROUND Actual tolerability of sunitinib is still poorly documented in elderly patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Charts of elderly patients treated with sunitinib for mRCC were reviewed in six Italian centers to assess safety (primary objective), efficacy and correlation of toxicity with comprehensive geriatric(More)
Anticancer agents may trigger reactivation of hepatitis B virus infection ensuing in asymptomatic to severe liver damage. Preemptive administration of antiviral agents such as lamivudine to patients receiving cytotoxic chemotherapy has been shown to inhibit viral replication and prevent such events. No data are available so far concerning the(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelioid haemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare vascular tumour, which can arise at any site. There is little published data about the management of these tumours. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective review of patients with histologically-proven EHE presenting to the Royal Marsden Hospital from January 1999 to January 2012. RESULTS(More)