Marco Maroni

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In the framework of the EXPOLIS study in Milan, Italy, 48-h carbon monoxide (CO) exposures of 50 office workers were monitored over a 1-year period. In this work, the exposures were assessed for different averaging times and were compared with simultaneous ambient fixed-site concentrations. The effect of gas cooking and smoking and different methods of(More)
Industrial exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and internal dose were investigated in 80 worker exposed for many years to PCB mixtures with a 42% chlorine content (Pyralene 3010 and Apirolio). PCBs were determined by liquid gas chromatography on samples taken from workroom air, workroom surfaces and tools, the palms of the hand, and the blood of(More)
Exposure analysis is a crucial part of effective management of public health risks caused by pollutants and chemicals in our environment. During the last decades, more data required for exposure analysis has become available, but the need for direct population based measurements of exposures is still clear. The current work (i) describes the European(More)
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a pesticide used worldwide in industrial and domestic applications. Data available on the effects of technical-grade PCP on the immune system are insufficient and equivocal; some data indicate inhibitory effects, whereas others suggest stimulating effects. This study was performed to evaluate toxicological and immune findings in(More)
Total As content may be determined in blood and urine by means of an AAS method that involves reduction of As to its volatile hydride and ashing at 600 degrees C with MgO and Mg (NO3)2. Separation of inorganic As (InAs), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMAA) by ion-exchange chromatography, followed by direct AAS analysis, allows the(More)
A wide range of studies concerned with analytical methods for biological monitoring of exposure to pesticides is reviewed. All phases of analytical procedures are assessed, including sampling and storage, sample preparation and analysis, and validation of methods. Most of the studies aimed at measuring metabolites or unchanged compounds in urine and/or(More)
The scientific literature published over the period 1975-1991 on long-term health effects from prolonged exposure to pesticides has been reviewed, in order to document the state-of-knowledge on the mortality and morbidity of groups of the population exposed to pesticides. Specific aims of the review were to identify (1) which groups of the population have(More)
Atrazine exposure was evaluated in six manufacturing workers by personal and biological monitoring. Total atrazine exposure varied from 10 to 700 mumol per workshift and total urinary atrazine excretion accounted for 1-2% of the external dose. The spectrum of the urinary atrazine metabolites comprises bi-dealkylated (80%), deisopropylated (10%), deethylated(More)
Nearly 50% of the world labour force is employed in agriculture. Over the last 50 years, agriculture has deeply changed with a massive utilisation of pesticides and fertilisers to enhance crop protection and production, food quality and food preservation. Pesticides are also increasingly employed for public health purposes and for domestic use. Pesticide(More)
Twenty-two female subjects working in a factory in which 1,1,1-trichloroethane was the only solvent used were investigated by means of clinical, neurophysiological and psychometric methods so that the neurotoxicity of the solvent could be evaluated. On the basis of the ambient air concentrations of 1,1,1-trichloroethane ranging from 110 to 990 ppm, the(More)