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Urinary tract infections are very common during pregnancy. Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen isolated from pregnant women. Ampicillin should not be used because of its high resistance to Escherichia coli. Pyelonephritis can cause morbidity and can be life-threatening to both mother and fetus. Second and third-generation cephalosporins are(More)
Aim To evaluate the effects of the vaginal erbium laser (VEL) in the treatment of postmenopausal women suffering from genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Method GSM was assessed in postmenopausal women before and after VEL (one treatment every 30 days, for 3 months; n = 45); the results were compared with the effects of a standard treatment for GSM(More)
Postmenopausal osteoporosis affects millions of women, being estrogen deficiency the key factor in the pathogenesis of involutional osteoporosis. Fracture prevention is one of the public health priorities worldwide. Different treatments for osteoporosis are available. The various options are aimed to maintain bone health and decrease the risk of fractures.(More)
The last decade has been characterized by a careful review of the risks and benefits of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Various types and doses as well as different combinations, may offer different advantages in different groups of women. Women with premature or early menopause may benefit from HRT, at least until the age at which natural menopause(More)
Fracture prevention is one of the public health priorities worldwide. Estrogen deficiency is the major factor in the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis, the most common metabolic bone disease. Different effective treatments for osteoporosis are available. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) at different doses rapidly normalizes turnover, preserves(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of a second generation of vaginal laser treatment, the vaginal erbium laser, as a nonablative photothermal therapy for the management of genitourinary syndrome of menopause in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. METHODS The study was performed using an erbium laser crystal(More)
An nahezu allen biologischen Prozessen sind Östrogene beteiligt, so auch an der Knochenbildung/-mineralisierung und am Turnover von Knorpel-/Bandscheibengewebe, sowohl durch direkte (genomische und nichtgenomische) als auch durch indirekte Mechanismen. Bei Knorpel handelt es sich um ein östrogenreaktives Gewebe, Östrogenrezeptoren und Aromatase wurden in(More)
AIM In this study we evaluated the short term effects of vaginal erbium laser (VEL) in the treatment of postmenopausal women (PMW) suffering from genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). METHODS Sixty-five PMW were evaluated before and after VEL treatment (1 treatment every 30 days, for 3 months). GSM symptoms were evaluated either with subjective(More)
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