Marco L A Sivilotti

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OBJECTIVE To identify high risk clinical characteristics for subarachnoid haemorrhage in neurologically intact patients with headache. DESIGN Multicentre prospective cohort study over five years. SETTING Six university affiliated tertiary care teaching hospitals in Canada. Data collected from November 2000 until November 2005. PARTICIPANTS(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the sensitivity of modern third generation computed tomography in emergency patients being evaluated for possible subarachnoid haemorrhage, especially when carried out within six hours of headache onset. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING 11 tertiary care emergency departments across Canada, 2000-9. PARTICIPANTS(More)
IMPORTANCE Three clinical decision rules were previously derived to identify patients with headache requiring investigations to rule out subarachnoid hemorrhage. OBJECTIVE To assess the accuracy, reliability, acceptability, and potential refinement (ie, to improve sensitivity or specificity) of these rules in a new cohort of patients with headache. (More)
IMPORTANCE Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States, and its rate has risen by 16% in the past decade. Deliberate self-poisoning is the leading method of attempted suicide. Unlike more violent methods, which are almost universally fatal, survival following self-poisoning is common, providing an opportunity for secondary prevention.(More)
BACKGROUND Drug abuse is a frequent factor in emergency department (ED) visits. Although commonly performed, qualitative testing of urine for drugs of abuse (u-DOA) is inherently limited in its ability to establish the identity, timing or dose of substances used. Previous studies have demonstrated these limitations, but their designs cannot be used to(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to determine whether patients seen in hospitals who had reduced overall emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) in the 2 years following the introduction of the Ontario Emergency Room Wait Time Strategy were more likely to experience improvements in other measures of ED quality of care for three important conditions. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the findings in cerebrospinal fluid from patients with acute headache that could distinguish subarachnoid hemorrhage from the effects of a traumatic lumbar puncture. DESIGN A substudy of a prospective multicenter cohort study. SETTING 12 Canadian academic emergency departments, from November 2000 to December 2009. PARTICIPANTS(More)
In general, researchers attempt to quantify cognitive load using physiologic and psychometric measures. Although the construct measured by both of these metrics is thought to represent overall cognitive load, there is a paucity of studies that compares these techniques to one another. The authors compared data obtained from one physiologic tool(More)
Flumazenil and naloxone are considered to be pharmacologically ideal antidotes. By competitive binding at the molecular target receptors, they are highly specific antagonists of two important drug classes, the benzodiazepines and opioids, respectively. Both antidotes enjoy rapid onset and short duration after parenteral administration, are easily titrated(More)