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Micro-optics is usually associated with planar waveguides or integrated optical circuits. In this case the propagation of light is restricted to one or two dimensions, and the three-dimensional nature of light propagation is disregarded. We present a method of fabricating three-dimensional micro-optical components by the so-called LIGA process, a… (More)
Symbolic substitution logic is a powerful tool for realizing optical arithmetic in a digital optical processor, because it is matched to the parallelism of optics and to the properties of optical switching devices. Working with such processor enables the use of very efficient parallel algorithms. We have investigated the implemention of the basic arithmetic… (More)
For many fiber applications the precise spacing from one fiber to another and the collimation of the outgoing light are important subjects. In the case of three-dimensional arrangements, such as fiber arrays, the complexity increases. The method of proton irradiation of poly(methyl methacrylate) permits the fabrication of slightly fan-shaped fiber holder… (More)
Lens arrays with relative apertures as high as 1 can be fabricated in polymethyl methacrylate with a high-energy H+b eam and diffusion of styrene in the irradiatedd omains.
BACKGROUND Recently, it was reported that the application of a static magnetic field by placing a strong permanent magnet over the scalp for 10 min led to an inhibition of motor cortex excitability for at least 6 min after removing the magnet. When placing the magnet over the somatosensory cortex, a similar inhibitory after effect could be observed as well.… (More)
Optical structures in polymethylmethacrylate can be generated with a high energy H(+) beam. The depth of the structures is up to 1 mm. We describe this new technique and demonstrate first results.
A new technique of microlens array fabrication based on the use of excimer laser radiation is described. Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) substrates are treated with many low-energy KrF laser pulses and exposed to styrene vapor. The irradiated material swells, producing spherical microlenses that are stabilized by UV polymerization. The chemistry of this… (More)