Marco Henneboehle

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BACKGROUND Cachexia is among the most debilitating and life-threatening aspects of cancer. It represents a metabolic syndrome affecting essential functional circuits involved in the regulation of homeostasis, and includes anorexia, fat and muscle tissue wasting. The anorexigenic peptide alpha-MSH is believed to be crucially involved in the normal and(More)
Dipeptide-derived alpha-keto-amide compounds with potent calpain inhibitory activity have been identified. These reversible covalent inhibitors have IC(50) values down to 25nM and exhibit greatly improved activity in muscle cells compared to the reference compound MDL28170. Several novel calpain inhibitors have shown positive effects on histological(More)
Dystrophin deficiency is the underlying molecular cause of progressive muscle weakness observed in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Loss of functional dystrophin leads to elevated levels of intracellular Ca(2+), a key step in the cellular pathology of DMD. The cysteine protease calpain is activated in dystrophin-deficient muscle, and its inhibition is(More)
2-Isoxazolines represent a well known class of heterocycles, readily accessible in particular by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of nitrile oxides to alkenes. 2-Isoxazolines are easily transformed into 2isoxazolinium salts by N-methylation, and further into 3-isoxazolines by deprotonation. In contrast to the parent system, less is known concerning the chemistry(More)
e20668 Background: Cachexia is among the most debilitating and life-threatening aspects of cancer. It represents a metabolic syndrome affecting essential functional circuits involved in the regulation of homeostasis, and includes anorexia, fat and muscle tissue wasting. The anorexigenic peptide alpha-MSH is believed to be crucially involved in the normal(More)
A new approach to optically active N-methylamino acids is presented, relying on stereoselective reduction of N-methylisoxazolinium salts with a dioxyethyl side-chain. The diastereoselectivity of the reduction step is studied systematically, in comparison with that of respective isoxazolines. A two-step transformation of isoxazolinium salts – with NaBH3(OAc)(More)
BACKGROUND: Under physiological conditions, the melanocortin system is a crucial part of the complex network regulating food intake and energy expenditure. In pathological states, like cachexia, these two parameters are deregulated, i.e., food intake is decreased and energy expenditure is increased-a vicious combination leading to catabolism. Agouti-related(More)
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