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Maintaining currency of search engine indices by exhaustive crawling is rapidly becoming impossible due to the increasing size and dynamic content of the web. Focused crawlers aim to search only the subset of the web related to a specific category, and offer a potential solution to the currency problem. The major problem in focused crawling is performing(More)
Recommender systems are an emerging technology that helps consumers to find interesting products. A recommender system makes personalized product suggestions by extracting knowledge from the previous users interactions. In this paper, we present ”ItemRank”, a random–walk based scoring algorithm, which can be used to rank products according to expected user(More)
Although the interest of a Web page is strictly related to its content and to the subjective readers' cultural background, a measure of the page authority can be provided that only depends on the topological structure of the Web. PageRank is a noticeable way to attach a score to Web pages on the basis of the Web connectivity. In this article, we look inside(More)
A structured organization of information is typically required by symbolic processing. On the other hand, most connectionist models assume that data are organized according to relatively poor structures, like arrays or sequences. The framework described in this paper is an attempt to unify adaptive models like artificial neural nets and belief nets for the(More)
Many underlying relationships among data in several areas of science and engineering, e.g., computer vision, molecular chemistry, molecular biology, pattern recognition, and data mining, can be represented in terms of graphs. In this paper, we propose a new neural network model, called graph neural network (GNN) model, that extends existing neural network(More)
Every day researchers from all over the world have to filter the huge mass of existing research papers with the crucial aim of finding out useful publications related to their current work. In this paper we propose a research paper recommending algorithm based on the citation graph and random-walker properties. The PaperRank algorithm is able to assign a(More)
Supervised Learning in Multi-Layered Neural Networks (MLNs) has been recently proposed through the well-known Backpropagation algorithm. This is a gradient method which can get stuck in local minima, as simple examples can show. In this paper, some conditions on the network architecture and the learning environment are proposed which ensure the convergence(More)
Extracting and processing information from web pages is an important task in many areas like constructing search engines, information retrieval, and data mining from the Web. Common approach in the extraction process is to represent a page as a “bag of words” and then to perform additional processing on such a flat representation. In this paper we propose a(More)
In this paper, we investigate the capabilities of Local Feedback Multi-Layered Networks, a particular class of recurrent networks, in which feedback connections are only allowed from neurons to themselves. In this class, learning can be accomplished by an algorithm which is local in both space and time. We describe the limits and properties of these(More)
In this paper, we describe a flexible form-reader system capable of extracting textual information from accounting documents, like invoices and bills of service companies. In this kind of document, the extraction of some information fields cannot take place without having detected the corresponding instruction fields, which are only constrained to range in(More)