Learn More
OBJECTIVE To improve, with the aid of psychometric analysis, the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), a tool designed to analyse several postural control systems that may contribute to poor functional balance in adults. METHODS Performance of the BESTest was examined in a convenience sample of 115 consecutive adult patients with diverse neurological(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, a new tool for assessing dynamic balance impairments has been presented: the 14-item Mini-BESTest. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the psychometric performance of the Mini-BESTest and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). DESIGN A prospective, single-group, observational design was used in the study. METHODS Ninety-three(More)
OBJECTIVE During the administration of timed bilateral alternate vibration to homonymous leg or trunk muscles during quiet upright stance, Parkinsonian (PD) patients undergo cyclic antero-posterior and medio-lateral transfers of the centre of foot pressure. This event might be potentially exploited for improving gait in these patients. Here, we tested this(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of a balance rehabilitation treatment by using both a powered platform on which subjects stand and specific physical exercises (EXs). DESIGN Crossover trial. SETTING Physical and rehabilitation medicine department in Italy. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=33) with balance disorders (14 vestibular origin, 19 peripheral(More)
People with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (PwALS) show progressive loss of voluntary muscle strength. In advanced disease, motor and phonatory impairments seriously hinder the patient's interpersonal communication. High-tech devices such as eye tracking communication devices (ETCDs) are used to aid communication in the later stages of ALS. We sought to(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, a new balance scale, the Mini-BESTest, was introduced. This scale can be administered in about 15 min, and focuses on "dynamic balance". In spite of the recently increased use of this scale, further psychometric studies seem called for to enhance confidence in its use in different fields of clinical practice and research. AIM To(More)
In patients with spastic hemiparesis, centre of foot pressure (CoP) is shifted toward the unaffected limb during quiet stance. We hypothesised that abnormal gait features would correlate with the degree of asymmetry during stance. In 15 patients and 17 normals we recorded CoP and body sway by a force platform and measured spatial-temporal variables of gait(More)
Previous studies have assessed reliability of insole technology for evaluating foot pressure distribution during linear walking. Since in natural motion straight walking is intermingled with turns, we determined the test-retest reliability of insole assessment for curved as well as linear trajectories, and estimated the minimum number of steps required to(More)
OBJECTIVE Curved walking requires complex adaptations, including shift of body weight to counteract the ensuing centrifugal force, and the production of strides of different length between legs. We hypothesized that gait capacities would be more stressed in hemiparetic patients than in healthy subjects when walking along curved, compared with straight,(More)
We hypothesized that gait capacities would be more stressed in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) when walking along curved than straight trajectories, owing to the complex adaptations required for this walking task. Twenty on-phase patients with PD and 20 healthy subjects walked eyes-open along straight and curved trajectories for 1 minute at(More)