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BACKGROUND The predictive value of heart rate variability (HRV) in chronic heart failure (CHF) has never been tested in a comprehensive multivariate model using short-term laboratory recordings designed to avoid the confounding effects of respiration and behavioral factors. METHODS AND RESULTS A multivariate survival model for the identification of sudden(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the rational expectation for a survival benefit produced by exercise training among post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients, direct evidence remains elusive. Clinically, changes in autonomic balance toward lower vagal activity have consistently been associated with increased mortality risk; conversely, among both control and post-MI(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep and exertional periodic breathing are proverbial in chronic heart failure (CHF), and each alone indicates poor prognosis. Whether these conditions are associated and whether excess risk may be attributed to respiratory disorders in general, rather than specifically during sleep or exercise, is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 133(More)
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