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Ever since the conversion of the 11-cis retinal chromophore to its all-trans form in rhodopsin was identified as the primary photochemical event in vision, experimentalists and theoreticians have tried to unravel the molecular details of this process. The high quantum yield of 0.65 (ref. 2), the production of the primary ground-state rhodopsin photoproduct(More)
In this paper we use ab initio multiconfigurational second-order perturbation theory to establish the intrinsic photoisomerization path model of retinal chromophores. This is accomplished by computing the ground state (S(0)) and the first two singlet excited-state (S(1), S(2)) energies along the rigorously determined photoisomerization coordinate of the(More)
In this report, we summarize and describe the recent unique updates and additions to the Molcas quantum chemistry program suite as contained in release version 8. These updates include natural and spin orbitals for studies of magnetic properties, local and linear scaling methods for the Douglas-Kroll-Hess transformation, the generalized active space concept(More)
In this paper, we identify the most efficient decay and isomerization route of the S(1), T(1), and S(0) states of azobenzene. By use of quantum chemical methods, we have searched for the transition states (TS) on the S(1) potential energy surface and for the S(0)/S(1) conical intersections (CIs) that are closer to the minimum energy path on the S(1). We(More)
Quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics calculations based on ab initio multiconfigurational second order perturbation theory are employed to construct a computer model of Bacteriorhodopsin that reproduces the observed static and transient electronic spectra, the dipole moment changes, and the energy stored in the photocycle intermediate K. The computed(More)
Azobenzene E<==>Z photoisomerization, following excitation to the bright S(pi pi*) state, is investigated by means of ab initio CASSCF optimizations and perturbative CASPT2 corrections. Specifically, by elucidating the S(pi pi*) deactivation paths, we explain the mechanism responsible for azobenzene photoisomerization, the lower isomerization quantum yields(More)
Zero point energy and classical thermal sampling techniques are compared in semi-classical photodynamics of the pentadienyliminium cation, a minimal retinal model. Using both methods, the effects of vibrational hydrogen-out-of-plane (HOOP) excitations on the photo-reactivity are probed at the ab initio CASSCF level. With 2376 individual trajectories the(More)
CASPT2//CASSCF photoisomerization path computations have been used to unveil the effects of an acetate counterion on the photochemistry of two retinal protonated Schiff base (PSB) models: the 2-cis-penta-2,4-dieniminium and the all-trans-epta-2,4,6-trieniminium cations. Different positions/orientations of the counterion have been investigated and related to(More)
In this paper we employ a CASSCF/AMBER quantum-mechanics/molecular-mechanics tool to map the intersection space (IS) of a protein. In particular, we provide evidence that the S1 excited-state potential-energy surface of the visual photoreceptor rhodopsin is spanned by an IS segment located right at the bottom of the surface. Analysis of the molecular(More)
Vibrational activities in the Raman and resonance Raman spectra of the cationic, neutral, and anionic forms of 4'-hydroxybenzylidene-2,3-dimethyl-imidazolinone, a model compound for the green fluorescent protein chromophore, have been obtained from quantum-chemical calculations in vacuo and with the inclusion of solvent effects through the polarizable(More)