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The possible mechanisms of the inhibitory effect of Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on the estrogen-induced growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells were explored. The impairment of metabolic pathways, via the inhibition of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity, was excluded: G6PD activity in MCF-7 homogenate was reduced by DHEA only at a very(More)
OBJECTIVE Treatment options for anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), which is one of the most lethal human malignant tumors, include surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy usually combined in a multimodal approach, to improve survival and avoid death from local invasion. However, there is no standard protocol for ATC treatment and the optimal sequence within(More)
OBJECTIVE Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is a widely studied steroid hormone with multi-functional properties. Reports suggest that some of the many activities of DHEA are due to its protective effect against lipid peroxidation. Nevertheless, the antioxidant properties of DHEA are still the subject of debate. The aim was to evaluate whether its two opposed(More)
Daumone is one of the three purified and artificially synthesized components of the Caenorhabditis elegans dauer pheromone. It affects the major signal transduction pathways known to discriminate between developmental arrest at the dauer stage and growth to the adult [the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) and daf-2/IGF1R pathways], just as natural(More)
The antiandrogen flutamide (FLU) has been reported to exert antiproliferative action on both male and postmenopausal breast cancer and to inhibit growth of chemically induced rat breast cancer. We studied the effects of various concentrations of FLU on the growth of the ER+, AR+ and PR+ MCF-7 and the ER-, AR- and PR- MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell(More)
Cell to cell interaction, which plays a crucial role in breast cancer growth, may be regulated by steroid hormones. This study examined dihydrotestosterone (DHT) effects on the interaction between the steroid receptor positive MCF-7 and the steroid receptor negative MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines. The growth of MDA-MB-231 cells was inhibited by medium(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) exerts opposite effects on the growth of mammary carcinoma. A stimulatory effect is observed in absence of estrogens, due to interaction of DHEA metabolite(s) with the estrogen receptor (ER); by contrast, in presence of estrogens DHEA inhibits tumor growth. The mechanism underlying the latter DHEA effect, which might be related(More)
The Forkhead Box O transcription factor DAF-16 regulates genes affecting dauer larva formation and adult life span. Expression profiling and genome-wide searches for DAF-16 binding sites in gene regulatory regions have identified thousands of potential DAF-16 targets. Some of these genes have been shown to alter longevity when their expression is attenuated(More)
Diabetes and cancer are increasingly common conditions, and the management of cancer patients with diabetes is often challenging. Diabetes in cancer patients poses several complex clinical issues, including which treatment is suitable to control hyperglycemia, how to better counteract glucocorticoid-induced hyperglycemia, and how to manage nutritional(More)