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OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence of dementia in an elderly rural population and to determine the effects of age, sex, and education. METHODS To obtain prevalence estimates of both cognitive impairment and dementia a door to door two phase population survey was carried out in three rural villages in central Italy. Of 1147 inhabitants older than 64,(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate use of diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) images and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps for determination of the consistency of macroadenomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study protocol was approved by the institutional ethics committee, and informed consent was obtained from all patients. Twenty-two(More)
Using [18F]setoperone and positron emission tomography (PET), alterations in serotonergic 5-HT2 receptor binding were studied in cerebral cortex of nine unmedicated patients with probable Alzheimer's disease and 37 healthy controls. The kinetics of unchanged radioligand in plasma and 18F-radioactivity in blood and brain were obtained for 90 min following(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The term symptomatic hemorrhage secondary to ischemic stroke implies a clear causal relationship between clinical deterioration and hemorrhagic transformation (HT) regardless of the type of HT. The aim of this study was to assess which type of HT independently affects clinical outcome. METHODS We used the data set of the European(More)
We investigated the effects of hyperglycaemia on infarct size of 82 acute ischaemic stroke patients with angiographically diagnosed intracranial occlusion in middle cerebral artery territory. There were 9 diabetics, 40 non-diabetic hyperglycaemics and 33 non-diabetic normoglycaemics (mean age 67 +/- 8 SD years, male/female ratio 1:1). For each patient the(More)
Some studies describe an increased risk for emboli in infective endocarditis patients with large (>10 mm) and mobile vegetations. Other studies fail to demonstrate the above relation. Most studies have been performed using transthoracic echocardiography or with a monoplane transesophageal approach. The present study examines whether distinctive(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify, in the first 5 hours of acute brain infarct, clinical and radiologic predictors of subsequent hemorrhagic transformation (HT), and to evaluate its influence on the clinical course. BACKGROUND The identification of early predictors of HT might be important to plan antithrombotic or thrombolytic treatments. PATIENTS One hundred(More)
Following previous validation in baboons, we have studied the characteristics of [18F]setoperone as a radioligand for investigating serotonergic 5-hydroxytryptamine2 (5-HT2) receptors in the normal, unmedicated human brain with positron emission tomography (PET); subjects orally pretreated with therapeutic amounts of ketanserin, sulpiride, or prazosin were(More)
Brain involvement in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is characterised by cortical atrophy and white matter lesions. We compared the magnetic resonance imaging derived grey matter maps of 22 DM1 patients with those of matched, healthy controls using voxel based morphometry to evaluate the extension of global and regional cortical atrophy in DM1, as well as(More)
We report a patient with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) presenting with dementia, spastic tetraparesis and an unreported akinetic-rigid syndrome. Computed tomography (CT) showed only cerebellar abnormalities while magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detected additional pallidal and mesencephalic focal alterations. MRI findings, but not CT, correlated(More)