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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has detected a high prevalence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in stroke patients, but the clinical implications of the distinctive characteristics of this patency are still a matter of debate. METHODS We studied 350 patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 1(More)
Using [18F]setoperone and positron emission tomography (PET), alterations in serotonergic 5-HT2 receptor binding were studied in cerebral cortex of nine unmedicated patients with probable Alzheimer's disease and 37 healthy controls. The kinetics of unchanged radioligand in plasma and 18F-radioactivity in blood and brain were obtained for 90 min following(More)
Brain involvement in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is characterised by cortical atrophy and white matter lesions. We compared the magnetic resonance imaging derived grey matter maps of 22 DM1 patients with those of matched, healthy controls using voxel based morphometry to evaluate the extension of global and regional cortical atrophy in DM1, as well as(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence of dementia in an elderly rural population and to determine the effects of age, sex, and education. METHODS To obtain prevalence estimates of both cognitive impairment and dementia a door to door two phase population survey was carried out in three rural villages in central Italy. Of 1147 inhabitants older than 64,(More)
A wide variety of potential risk factors for acute exacerbations in multiple sclerosis were evaluated in a one year case-control study. Eighty nine consecutive patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis and relapsing remitting course presenting with a relapse between January and December 1992 were compared with patients matched for age, sex, and(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify predictors and possible pathogenetic mechanisms of early neurological deterioration in patients with acute ischemic strokes and to evaluate their impact on clinical outcome. DESIGN Case series. SETTING University hospital's stroke unit. PATIENTS A continuous series of 152 patients with first-ever ischemic hemispheric strokes(More)
Although many patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) complain of trigeminal neuralgia (TN), its cause and mechanisms are still debatable. In a multicentre controlled study, we collected 130 patients with MS: 50 patients with TN, 30 patients with trigeminal sensory disturbances other than TN (ongoing pain, dysaesthesia, or hypoesthesia), and 50 control(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the predictive power of baseline gadolinium (Gd) enhanced MRI in relation to subsequent clinical and MRI activity. Sixty eight patients with clinically definite relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis had a baseline Gd enhanced MRI and were followed up clinically and by monthly Gd enhanced MRI for six months. The(More)
PURPOSE To compare fast spin-echo (FSE) and fast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences with conventional spin-echo (CSE) MR imaging in the quantification of the number and volume of multiple sclerosis lesions. METHODS In 30 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, we calculated the total number and volume of lesions detected(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a model for predicting outcome in the first few hours after the onset of an ischemic stroke on the basis of the clinical findings obtained during a rapid bedside examination. DESIGN Clinical records were retrieved from the data bank of a randomized multicenter trial. The resulting case series was split into two subgroups that served(More)