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Using [18F]setoperone and positron emission tomography (PET), alterations in serotonergic 5-HT2 receptor binding were studied in cerebral cortex of nine unmedicated patients with probable Alzheimer's disease and 37 healthy controls. The kinetics of unchanged radioligand in plasma and 18F-radioactivity in blood and brain were obtained for 90 min following(More)
Brain involvement in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is characterised by cortical atrophy and white matter lesions. We compared the magnetic resonance imaging derived grey matter maps of 22 DM1 patients with those of matched, healthy controls using voxel based morphometry to evaluate the extension of global and regional cortical atrophy in DM1, as well as(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence of dementia in an elderly rural population and to determine the effects of age, sex, and education. METHODS To obtain prevalence estimates of both cognitive impairment and dementia a door to door two phase population survey was carried out in three rural villages in central Italy. Of 1147 inhabitants older than 64,(More)
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a multisystemic disease involving multiple organ systems including central nervous system (CNS) and muscles. Few studies have focused on the central motor system in DM1, pointing to a subclinical abnormality in the CNS. The aim of our study was to investigate patterns of cerebral activation in DM1 during a motor task using(More)
PURPOSE To compare fast spin-echo (FSE) and fast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences with conventional spin-echo (CSE) MR imaging in the quantification of the number and volume of multiple sclerosis lesions. METHODS In 30 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, we calculated the total number and volume of lesions detected(More)
Although many patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) complain of trigeminal neuralgia (TN), its cause and mechanisms are still debatable. In a multicentre controlled study, we collected 130 patients with MS: 50 patients with TN, 30 patients with trigeminal sensory disturbances other than TN (ongoing pain, dysaesthesia, or hypoesthesia), and 50 control(More)
OBJECTIVES Successful prediction of cardiac complications early in the course of acute ischaemic stroke could have an impact on the clinical management. Markers of myocardial injury on admission deserve investigation as potential predictors of poor outcome from stroke. METHODS We prospectively investigated 330 consecutive patients with acute ischaemic(More)
There are few long-term clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data on patients treated with interferon-beta (IFN-beta) for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). The aim of this study was to provide clinical and MRI data on 68 patients with RRMS treated over a 6-year period and to investigate whether a baseline MRI predicts their long-term(More)
Six patients presenting with multimodal, predominantly motor hemi-neglect, were investigated by 15O2 or 18F-DG and PET to study the local cerebral metabolism in intact regions. All had suffered from an acute right-sided (n = 5) or left-sided (n = 1) focal hemispheric lesion (cortico-subcortical and purely subcortical in three patients each). Frontal and(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the predictive power of baseline gadolinium (Gd) enhanced MRI in relation to subsequent clinical and MRI activity. Sixty eight patients with clinically definite relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis had a baseline Gd enhanced MRI and were followed up clinically and by monthly Gd enhanced MRI for six months. The(More)