Marco Favaro

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BACKGROUND Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are a major cause of nosocomial blood stream infection, especially in critically ill and haematology patients. CoNS are usually multidrug-resistant and glycopeptide antibiotics have been to date considered the drugs of choice for treatment. The aim of this study was to characterize CoNS with reduced(More)
Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are serious and often life-threatening complications in patients with haematological malignancies. Early diagnosis and the initiation of efficacious antifungal treatments could affect the prognosis of these patients. The detection of (1-3)-β-D-Glucan (BDG) could be a promising non-culture-based, noninvasive tool for IFI(More)
BACKGROUND Bloodstream infections (BSIs) from multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria cause morbidity and mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients worldwide. This study investigated the incidence of BSIs in 5 adult general ICUs in Rome, Italy, and evaluated the mortality rate and risk factors associated with these infections. METHODS Over a 12-month(More)
Reliable automated identification and susceptibility testing of clinically relevant bacteria is an essential routine for microbiology laboratories, thus improving patient care. Examples of automated identification systems include the Phoenix (Becton Dickinson) and the VITEK 2 (bioMerieux). However, more and more frequently, microbiologists must isolate(More)
BACKGROUND The nosocomial infections surveillance system must be strongly effective especially in highly critic areas, such as Intensive Care Units (ICU). These areas are frequently an epidemiological epicentre for transmission of multi-resistant pathogens, like Acinetobacter baumannii. As an epidemic outbreak occurs it is very important to confirm or(More)
A highly spread polymorphism flanking the 3. Calpha1 human IG heavy chain gene was identified. This polymorphism allowed the detection of an internal duplication within the 3' flanking region of both Calpha1 and Calpha2. This region has a regulatory function with four enhancer structures also present at the 3' end of the human Calpha2 as well as in that of(More)
BACKGROUND Large-volume culture methods for sterile body fluids employing automated blood-culture systems increase the recovery of microorganisms compared with traditional plate medium methods. However, in many instances a laboratory receives only small-volume samples. MATERIAL/METHODS The URO-QUICK system (now HBandL), originally used to process urine(More)
Even with good surveillance programmes, hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are not always recognized and this may lead to an outbreak. In order to reduce this risk, we propose a model for prompt detection of HAIs, based on the use of a real-time epidemiological information system called VIGI@ct (bioMèrieux, Las Balmas, France) and on the rapid confirmation(More)
The gene encoding for polynucleotide phosphorylase (pnp) of a new biovar of Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus (NBSA) has been isolated from a genomic library of strain M280(0). The coding region consisted of a 1094-bp HindIII-HindIII DNA fragment encoding for a protein of 277 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 29.5 kDa. The nucleotide(More)