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BACKGROUND & AIMS Bacterial infections are a frequent and serious burden among patients with cirrhosis because they can further deteriorate liver function. We assessed the epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical consequences of bacterial infections in hospitalized cirrhotic patients. METHODS In a cohort of hospitalized cirrhotic patients (n = 150)(More)
Invasive aspergillosis (IA) has been traditionally considered an infection occurring in patients with well established risk factors, such as neutropenia, hematologic malignancies, organ transplantation, or HIV. However there is increasing evidence that apparently immunocompetent patients, such as those with severe liver disease, are also at high risk for(More)
We assessed the clinical relevance and performed molecular characterization of 36 multidrug-resistant strains of Corynebacterium striatum. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis confirmed a single clone, possessing erm(X), tetA/B, cmxA/B, and aphA1 genes, but few related subclones. This strain is emerging as a pathogen in Italy.
BACKGROUND Embolic events are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with infective endocarditis. We analyzed the database of the prospective cohort study SEI in order to identify factors associated with the occurrence of embolic events and to develop a scoring system for the assessment of the risk of embolism. METHODS We retrospectively(More)
PURPOSE We aimed to investigate clinical features of patients with descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) in order to improve management and outcome. METHODS We prospectively examined all patients with DNM admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) during the period from April 2007 to December 2013. Demographics, clinical features, microbiology,(More)
The infection of endovascular stents remains one of the most problematic complications of aortic surgery. This article describes the case of a 61-year-old male with ascendant and descendent aorta endovascular stents, hospitalized for pyrexia, weight loss and back pain. Blood culture was positive for Staphylococcus hominis resistant to oxacillin and(More)
Multidrug-resistant organisms are an established and growing worldwide public health problem and few therapeutic options remain available. The traditional antimicrobials (glycopeptides) for multidrug-resistant Gram-positive infections are declining in efficacy. New drugs that are presently available are linezolid, daptomicin and tigecycline, which have(More)
BACKGROUND Traditionally, pneumonia has been classified as either community- or hospital-acquired. Although only limited data are available, health care-associated pneumonia has been recently proposed as a new category of respiratory infection. "Health care-associated pneumonia" refers to pneumonia in patients who have recently been hospitalized, had(More)
Candida species are an uncommon cause of infective endocarditis (IE). Given the rarity of this infection, the epidemiology, prognosis, and optimal therapy of Candida IE are poorly defined. We conducted a prospective, observational study at 18 medical centers in Italy, including all consecutive patients with a definite diagnosis of IE admitted from January(More)