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OBJECTIVE Although it is well established that cerebral activation increases with higher task load, the potential effects of training have been investigated over brief periods only. Training is of potential clinical relevance since training programs are an essential part of psychiatric therapy. METHOD Cerebral activation during a visual spatial working(More)
Recent studies indicate that morphological and functional abnormalities of the cerebellum are associated with schizophrenia. Since the cerebellum is crucial for motor coordination, one may ask whether the respective changes are associated with motor dysfunction in the disease. To test these hypotheses in a clinical study, we investigated cerebellar volumes(More)
BACKGROUND Although previous studies demonstrate significant atrophy of the corpus callosum (CC) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), CC alterations in mild cognitive impairment have not been investigated yet. METHODS 21 subjects with mild cognitive impairment, 10 with AD and 21 healthy controls were investigated using magnetic resonance imaging. In(More)
BACKGROUND One of the core symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the instability in interpersonal relationships. This might be related to existent differences in mindreading between BPD patients and healthy individuals. METHODS We examined the behavioural and neurophysiological (fMRI) responses of BPD patients and healthy controls (HC)(More)
A subtle impairment of motor coordination and sensory integration functions is frequently found in schizophrenia. Clinically these deficits present as neurological soft signs (NSS). Because of its crucial role in motor function, control of muscle tone and equilibrium, the cerebellum is likely to be involved in the appearance of NSS. Magnetic resonance(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the value of spectroscopic and perfusion MRI for glioma grading and for distinguishing glioblastomas from metastases and from CNS lymphomas. METHODS The authors examined 79 consecutive patients with first detection of a brain neoplasm on nonenhanced CT scans and no therapy prior to evaluation. Spectroscopic MRI; arterial spin-labeling(More)
It has been suggested that regional corpus callosum atrophy in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may serve as an in vivo index of neuronal loss in the neocortex. In this study total and regional size of the corpus callosum was evaluated with respect to the volumes of the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes in 38 patients with AD (NINCDS-ADRDA criteria) using(More)
Abnormalities in limbic-thalamic-cortical networks are hypothesized to modulate human mood states. In the present study differences in hippocampal volumes of patients with a first episode of depression, recurrent major depression and healthy control subjects were examined with high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Male patients with a first(More)
Neurological soft signs (NSS) comprise a broad range of minor motor and sensory deficits which are frequently found in schizophrenia. However, the cerebral changes underlying NSS are only partly understood. We therefore investigated the cerebral correlates of NSS by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 102 patients with first episode schizophrenia. NSS(More)
Neurological soft signs (NSS) - i.e. discrete deficits of sensory and motor function - are frequently found in schizophrenia and vary with psychopathological symptoms in the course of the disorder. Hence, persistence of NSS herald chronicity in first episode schizophrenia. To investigate the cerebral correlates of persisting NSS over time, 20 patients with(More)