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OBJECTIVE Although it is well established that cerebral activation increases with higher task load, the potential effects of training have been investigated over brief periods only. Training is of potential clinical relevance since training programs are an essential part of psychiatric therapy. METHOD Cerebral activation during a visual spatial working(More)
BACKGROUND Although minor motor and sensory deficits, or neurological soft signs (NSS), are a well-established finding in schizophrenia, the cerebral changes underlying these signs are only partly understood. We therefore investigated the cerebral correlates of NSS by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with schizophrenia and healthy(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether a specific, standardized training regimen can improve muscle strength and physical functioning in people with dementia. DESIGN Double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial with 3-month intervention and 3-month follow-up period in 2006 to 2009. SETTING Outpatient geriatric rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS Individuals with(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the value of spectroscopic and perfusion MRI for glioma grading and for distinguishing glioblastomas from metastases and from CNS lymphomas. METHODS The authors examined 79 consecutive patients with first detection of a brain neoplasm on nonenhanced CT scans and no therapy prior to evaluation. Spectroscopic MRI; arterial spin-labeling(More)
BACKGROUND Muscle channelopathies such as paramyotonia, hyperkalemic periodic paralysis, and potassium-aggravated myotonia are caused by gain-of-function Na+ channel mutations. METHODS Methods: Implementation of a three-dimensional radial 23Na magnetic resonance (MR) sequence with ultra-short echo times allowed the authors to quantify changes in the total(More)
There is evidence that adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are characterized by abnormalities in frontolimbic brain areas. In this study we aimed to determine whether brain volume alterations already exist in adolescents with BPD. Sixty female right-handed individuals (age range, 14-18 years), 20 with a DSM-IV diagnosis of borderline(More)
BACKGROUND Although previous studies demonstrate significant atrophy of the corpus callosum (CC) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), CC alterations in mild cognitive impairment have not been investigated yet. METHODS 21 subjects with mild cognitive impairment, 10 with AD and 21 healthy controls were investigated using magnetic resonance imaging. In(More)
Recent studies indicate that morphological and functional abnormalities of the cerebellum are associated with schizophrenia. Since the cerebellum is crucial for motor coordination, one may ask whether the respective changes are associated with motor dysfunction in the disease. To test these hypotheses in a clinical study, we investigated cerebellar volumes(More)
A subtle impairment of motor coordination and sensory integration functions is frequently found in schizophrenia. Clinically these deficits present as neurological soft signs (NSS). Because of its crucial role in motor function, control of muscle tone and equilibrium, the cerebellum is likely to be involved in the appearance of NSS. Magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND One of the core symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the instability in interpersonal relationships. This might be related to existent differences in mindreading between BPD patients and healthy individuals. METHODS We examined the behavioural and neurophysiological (fMRI) responses of BPD patients and healthy controls (HC)(More)