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Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is a common accompaniment of ageing. Features seen on neuroimaging include recent small subcortical infarcts, lacunes, white matter hyperintensities, perivascular spaces, microbleeds, and brain atrophy. SVD can present as a stroke or cognitive decline, or can have few or no symptoms. SVD frequently coexists with(More)
White matter hyperintensities and lacunes are among the most frequent abnormalities on brain magnetic resonance imaging. They are commonly related to cerebral small vessel disease and associated with both stroke and dementia. We examined the spatial relationships between incident lacunes and white matter hyperintensities and related these findings to(More)
Cerebral small vessel disease is the most common cause of vascular cognitive impairment. It typically manifests with lacunar infarcts and ischaemic white matter lesions. However, little is known about how these lesions relate to the cognitive symptoms. Previous studies have found a poor correlation between the burden of ischaemic lesions and cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging indicates diffuse white matter (WM) changes are associated with cognitive impairment in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). We examined whether the distribution of axonal abnormalities is related to microvascular pathology in the underlying WM. METHODS(More)
In CADASIL (Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leucoencephalopathy), a genetic model of subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD), clinical status was previously found related to cortex morphology. In the present report, alterations of cortex morphology and their links to clinical worsening were investigated in 190(More)
Recent evidence suggests that hippocampal changes are present in vascular cognitive impairment but their importance and relationship with ischaemic mechanisms remain controversial. To investigate these issues we performed MRI and cognitive assessment in a large cohort (n=144) of patients with CADASIL, a hereditary small vessel disease and model of pure(More)
OBJECTIVE Brain atrophy is common in subcortical ischemic vascular disease, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We set out to examine the effects of incident subcortical infarcts on cortical morphology. METHODS A total of 276 subjects with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy, an(More)
CADASIL is an arteriopathy caused by mutations of the Notch3 gene. White matter hyperintensities (WMH), lacunar lesions (LL), cerebral microhemorrhages (CM), brain atrophy and tissue microstructural changes are detected on MRI. Using an integrated multi-modal approach, we examined the relative impact of lesion burden and location of these MRI markers on(More)
The taste buds from fungiform papillae and the hard palate of frogs were investigated with the scanning and transmission electron microscopes. An immature pre-taste cell and a mature taste cell can be differentiated. Only the mature taste cell exhibits synaptic contact with the afferent taste fibre. Glandular and satellite supporting cells envelop the thin(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral small vessel disease is the most common cause of vascular cognitive impairment and typically manifests with slowed processing speed. We investigated the impact of lesion location on processing speed in age-related small vessel disease. METHODS A total of 584 community-dwelling elderly underwent brain MRI followed by segmentation of(More)