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Two experiments were conducted to test whether newborns could discriminate between their own cry and the cry of another newborn infant. Facial behavior and nonnutritive sucking rate were adopted as dependent measures. In Experiment 1, 20 newborns in an awake state were presented with either their own cry or the cry of another infant. In the latter(More)
Infants over one month of age tend to produce two types of smiling during especially positive social interactions, Duchenne smiles involving cheek raising and open-mouth smiles. Little is known, however, about the prevalence, frequency, duration and organization of these smiles among neonates. Twenty-five full-term, healthy neonates (12 female) were(More)
To better understand the form and recognizability of neonatal smiling, 32 newborns (14 girls; M = 25.6 hr) were videorecorded in the behavioral states of alertness, drowsiness, active sleep, and quiet sleep. Baby Facial Action Coding System coding of both lip corner raising (simple or non-Duchenne) and lip corner raising with cheek raising (Duchenne smile)(More)
1. The lysine salt of acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) at a dose equivalent to 400 mg/kg of acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) was intraperitoneally administered in rats. 2. After 30 and 120 min ASA did not modify the number of receptors nor the affinity of [3H] 8-OH-DPAT binding sites in pons and cerebral cortex. On the other hand, the receptor number in the cortex(More)
M. Dondi*, E. Bianchi, D. Callegari and F. Quintavalla Animal Health Department, Section of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Parma, V ia del Taglio, 8, 43100 Parma, Italy *Correspondence: Dipartimento di Salute Animale, Sezione di Clinica Medica Veterinaria, Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Parma, V(More)
We describe a previously un-reported vertex-negative potential evoked by high intensity click auditory stimuli in some dogs and cats with suspected cochleo-saccular deafness. Brainstem auditory evoked potential tracings from 24 unilaterally or bilaterally deaf animals, 22 dogs and 2 cats, among which 21 belonged to breeds with high prevalence of suspected(More)
It is a widely held view that the NBAS (Brazelton, 1973) can index differences in the level of the neurobehavioural organization of both pathological and normal newborns. The present study employed the NBAS to determine whether the type of delivery, i.e. cesarean or spontaneous vaginal, can influence the level of neurobehavioural organization in the first(More)
The Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications (NA) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is committed to contribute to sustainable development in Member States through the use of nuclear sciences and their applications in several fields, including human health. The Division of Human Health (NAHU) executes its programme's activities through(More)
This chapter reviews the importance of information management in a therapeutic community, how to select the data collected by the interview and features of the software and its fitting in an operative context. New sections are projected to help staff who diagnose treatment candidates and treat patients. Use of statistical analysis as an instrument for(More)
The present study investigated whether three methodologies currently used in animal as well as human adult startle research could be adapted for measuring the startle response in 5-month-old infants. The three methods performed: an automated and computerized recording of the infants' whole-body motor reactions (Automated Infant Motor Movement Startle Seat,(More)