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BACKGROUND & AIMS Patients with cirrhosis hospitalized for an acute decompensation (AD) and organ failure are at risk for imminent death and considered to have acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). However, there are no established diagnostic criteria for ACLF, so little is known about its development and progression. We aimed to identify diagnostic(More)
AIMS The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(B)) receptor agonist, baclofen, has recently been shown to reduce alcohol intake in alcohol-preferring rats and alcohol consumption and craving for alcohol in an open study in humans. The present study was aimed at providing a first evaluation of the efficacy of baclofen in inducing and maintaining abstinence and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The current approaches to study the molecular mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of liver diseases often rely on the use of transgenic mice. However, experimental models of decompensated cirrhosis have not been clearly established in mice. Thus, we aimed to set an efficient and well-tolerated protocol to induce cirrhosis in mice able(More)
BACKGROUND It is not established whether virological status affects the efficiency of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) as a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) marker among patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). METHODS We enrolled in a case-control study 170 HCC and 170 CLD patients, matched for age, sex, CLD and HBsAg/anti-HCV status. The AFP sensitivity,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Anandamide is an endocannabinoid that evokes hypotension by interaction with peripheral cannabinoid CB1 receptors and with the perivascular transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 protein (TRPV1). As anandamide has been implicated in the vasodilated state in advanced cirrhosis, the study investigated whether the mesenteric bed from(More)
BACKGROUND Ghrelin is a peptide produced mainly by the gut and hypothalamus. Ghrelin is able to stimulate food-seeking behavior. Alcohol-craving and food-seeking behavior could share common neural circuits. Ghrelin is related to nutritional status, but few data are available in alcoholic patients on the relationship between ghrelin and nutritional(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS A prolonged QT interval is frequent in chronic liver disease and its aetiology remains unsettled. The study's aim was to assess the role of portal hypertension in the pathogenesis of QT prolongation. METHODS We measured the QT interval in: (1) 10 patients with non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) and preserved liver function; (2) 19(More)
UNLABELLED Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is characterized by acute decompensation (AD) of cirrhosis, organ failure(s), and high 28-day mortality. We investigated whether assessments of patients at specific time points predicted their need for liver transplantation (LT) or the potential futility of their care. We assessed clinical courses of 388(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Bloodstream infections (BSIs) in cirrhotic patients are 10-fold more common than in non-cirrhotic patients and increasingly caused by resistant pathogens. We examined 162 BSI episodes in cirrhotic patients to describe the etiology and risk factors for 30-day mortality. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed all consecutive BSIs in patients(More)
Mitochondria undergo oxidative damage during reperfusion of ischemic liver. Although nutritional status affects ischemia-reperfusion injury in the liver, its effect on mitochondrial damage has not been evaluated. Thus, this study was designed to determine whether starvation influences the oxidative balance in mitochondria isolated from livers exposed to(More)